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Khareti or Bala (Sida cordifolia Linn.)

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India

Copyright © 2004. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Khareti or Bala (Sida cordifolia Linn.)

Scientific Name: Sida cordifolia Linn.
Family: Malvaceae
English Name: Country Mallow
Hindi Name: Khareti, Bala, Barial, Kumghi.

Botanical differences among the major species of Sida in India.

  S. cordifolia S. acuta syn.
S. carpinifolia
S. alba syn.
S. spinosa
S. ovata syn.
S. grewioides
S. rhommbifolia S. tiagii
Plant An erect, perennial undershrub, upto 1m. Tall A much branched undershrub, 1-2 m tall An erect undershrub, densely stellately pubescent all over An erect shrub or undershrub, An erect undershurb A low, much branched, perennial undershrub, densely stellately-tomentose all over
Stem Ascending, terete or sulcate, softly villious and densely stellate-pubescent all over Glabrous or minutely stellately hairy, usually woody at the base   grey, tomentose, with stellate hairs Stellately hairy, sulcate Terete or sulcate, woody at base
Leaves Ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute at apex Lanceolate or elliptic lanceolate, base obtuse or roundish, apex acute Elliptic oblong, lanceolate or ovate, obtuse or rounded at apex Elliptic-oblong or oblong-ovate, obtuse at apex Oblong to lanceolate, rhomboid, cunneate, obtuse or rarely acute at apex Ovate-oblong to obovate, roudned, entire, rounded or truncate at apex
Flowers Yellow, peduncles, axillary, jointed much above the panicles, upper flowers nearly sessile and fasciculate towards the tip of the branches forming subspicate inflorescence Petals pale yellow, ciliate Fascicled in the axil of leaves, rarely solitary, Corolla white Petals yellow Petals yellow Pale yellow
Fruits Subdiscoid, 6-8 mm across, mericarps 10, 3 sided Mericarps 5-6, 4 mm long, reticulately serrate Mericarps 5, more or less finely reticulate Mericarps 7-8, nearly glabrous mericarps 8-12, pubescent Pentagular ovoid, Mericarps 7-8
Seeds Trigonous, glabours, tufted-pubescent near the hilum Smooth glabrous, but pubscent around hilum Smooth, dark brown, rounded at back, trigonous, glabous Brown, smooth, with stellate hairs near the hilum Smooth, glabrous, except for the pubescent area near the hilum Black, glabrous with tufts of stellate hairs at hilum
Flowering & Fruiting Time Sept.-Dec. in Indian conditions Sept-Oct. in Indian conditions Sept.-Jan. in Indian conditions Oct.-Jan. in Indian conditions Aug.-Oct. in Indian conditions Aug.-Dec. in Indian conditions

General Description: It grows as wasteland weed. It is in use as folk medicine in India since time immemorial.

Useful Parts: Root, bark, leaves, flowers and seeds.

Traditional Medicinal Uses: According to Ayurveda, the plant is tonic, astringent, emollient, aphrodisiac and useful in treatment of respiratory system related troubles. Bark is considered as cooling. It is useful in blood, throat, urinary system related troubles, piles, phthisis, insanity etc.

Ayurvedic Preparations: Maha baladi Kvatha, Bala Taila etc.

Agharkar, S.P. (1991). Medicinal plants of Bombay presidency. Pbl. Scientific publishers, Jodhpur, India : 194-195.
Bhandari, M.M. (1990). Flora of Indian desert. Pbl. MPS Repros, Jodhpur, India : 66-69.

Resource Person
Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India

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