Contributor: Pankaj Oudhia
Copyright (c) 2002. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.
Common (Indian) Name
Hindi: Keukand, Keu, Kust
Canarese: Changalkashta, Chikke,Karikattu,
Marathi: Penva, Pinga, Pushkarmula
Sanskrit: Kustha, Kashmira, Kemuka, Shura, Pushkarmula
Malyalam: Narum canna, Cannakkuvva, Cannukkilannu
Telugu: Cengalva Kostu
Botany: An erect plant, up to 2.7 meters high; root stock tuberous; stem sub-woody at the base; Leaves 1530 × 5.77.5 cm sub sessile, oblong, spirally arranged, silky-pubescent beneath; sheaths coriaceous; flowers in very dense spikes, many; bracts ovate, mucronate, bright red; corrolla tube short, lobes ovate-oblong subequal; lip white with yellow center, crisped, concave; disk with a tuft of hair at the base. Fruits capsule, globosely trigonus, red; seeds black with white aril. Flowering time in Indian condition is August to October.
Useful parts: Roots
Medicinal Properties: According to Ayurveda the rhizomes are bitter, astringent, acrid, cooling, aphrodisiac, purgative, anthelmintic, depurative, febrifuge, expectorant and tonic and useful in burning sensation, constipation, lepsory, worm infection, skin diseases, fever, asthma, bronchitis, inflammatians and anaemia.
Chemical Constituents: Tigogenin and diosgenin from rhizomes (2.6% diosgenin) and stems have been isolated. a-amyrin stearate, b-amyrin and lupeol. Palmitates from leaves have been isolated.
Cultivation: Costus is under cultivation in isolated patches in different parts of India. It is cultivated as rainy season (Kharif) crop. About 1520 quintal rhizomes are used for sowing per hectare. Standard cultivation practices of Costus have yet not been developed.
Society for Parthenium Management, (SOPAM)
28-A, College Road, Geeta Nagar
Raipur- 492001 India
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