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Dikamali (Gardenia resinifera Roth.)

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
pankajoudhia@gmail.com
www.pankajoudhia.com

Copyright © 2004. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Scientific Name: Gardenia resinifera Roth. syn. Gardenia lucida Roxb.
Family: Rubiaceae
English Name: Brilliant Gardenia, Cambi resin tree.
Indian Names
Hindi: Dikamali
Marathi: Dikamali
Canarese: Bikke
Sanskrit: Hingu, Jantuka, Pinda, Survirya
Gujrati: Dikamari

General Description: It grows as natural plant in forest of India. It is also cultivated in gardens.

Botanical differences among the major Gardenia species in India.

Characters G. gummifera G. latifolia G. resinifera G. turgida
Plant Small, tree, up to 3m. High Shrubs or trees, 5-10 m high, young parts with yellow resinous exudation Shrubs or small trees, upto 3m high, Gum exuding from apical buds Armed small trees upto 4m. Height, spines opposite
Leaves Obovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong, sessile glabrous, acute at base, stipules ochrea-like Obovate-orbicular, subacute, main nerves 10-20 pairs Elliptic-ovate, obtuse, main nerves 20-30 pairs Ovate-oblong, tomentose beneath, stipules ovate, deciduous
Flowers White, scented, on short peduncle or sessile, calyx teeth triangular, pubescent; Corolla tube pubescent outside Solitary, White, subsessile, villous outside. Calyx lanceolate, deeply divided. Corolla lobes obovate-oblong Solitary, axillary, fragrant, white, Calyx pubescent Axillary, Male flowers in 3-4 flowered fascicles, female flower solitary, greenish white, turning yellow
Fruits oblong with numerous ribs Globose or oblong, smooth Oval or oblong, brownish black not ribbed Globose, brown
Flowering & Fruiting March-August March-Dec March-Nov March-Nov

Useful Parts: Gum.

Traditional Medicinal Uses: According to the Ayurveda, it increases appetite, astringent to bowels, relieves pain of bronchitis, vomiting and constipation.

Chemical Constituent: The Gum contains gardening, desmythyl-tangeretin and nevadensin.

References

Krishna Murty, T. (1993). Minor forest products of India. Pbl. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, India : 281.

Verma, D.M. Balakrishnan, N.P. and Dixit, R.D. (1993). Flora of Madhya Pradesh. Pbl. Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India. : 532-534.

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
pankajoudhia@gmail.com
archive.org/details/pankajoudhia
www.youtube.com/user/pankajoudhia?feature=results_main
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