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Dronpushpi or Guma (Leucas cephalotes): A Useful Weed

Pankaj Oudhia
Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
pankajoudhia@gmail.com

Copyright © 2001. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.

Leucas cephalotes (Roxb.) Spreng, Labiatae. is one of the common weeds found in Central and South India. It is upland rainy season weed. In India, it is commonly known as Dronpushpi (Dron = bunds, Pushpi = flowering plant). It is commonly occur in Drona (earthen berm). Other names in different Indian languages include Barahalkura (Bengali); Gubo, Kubi (Gujrati); Dhurpisag, Guma, Gumma, Goma (Hindi); Devakhumba (Marathi) and Peedalumni (Telugu) (Krishnamurthy, 1993). The genus Leucas includes about 100 Asiatic and African species. Common species found in India are L. aspera Spreng., L. linifolia Spreng, and L. uritcaefolia R. Br. (Caius 1986). Although Dronpushpi is a problematic weed for farmers, it is a tasty potherb for many rural people and a valuable medicinal herb for herbalists and is cultivated for herbal drugs in some parts of India. In village markets. Dronpushpi can be seen easily in rainy season. (Oudhi 1999, 2000; Oudhia and Tripath 1998, 1999, 2000; Oudhia et al. 1999). In tribal regions of India, Dronpushpi is a valuable drug for snake bite. a property reported in ancient Indian literatures, and is used both externally and internally. In many parts of India, people plant this weed in front of their homes to repel snakes and other venomous animals. The juice extracted from leaves is used to cure skin problems. In rainy season, many Indian tribal communities take bath with water having Dronpushpi leaf extract. They also wash their cattle and other domestic animals with this water. According to Ayurveda, the plant is mild stimulant and diaphoretic and used in fevers and coughs. The flowers mixed in honey is used as domestic remedy for cough and colds (Caius 1986). The seed also yields medicinal oil. Labellenic acid (Octadeca – 5, 6-dienoic acid) has been reported in seed oil. Beta sitosterol have been isolated from the plant of Leucas cephalotes. Anti bacterial activity of Leucas aspera leaf extract against Micrococcus pyogenes and Escheria coli have also been reported (Rastogi and Mehrotra 1991). Dronpushpi is valuable homoeopathic drug and as such is used for the treatment of chronic malaria and asthama (Ghosh 1988). In many parts of India particularly in North India.

References

Caius, J.F. 1986. The medicinal and poisonous plants of India. Scientific Publ., Jodhpur, India. p 397-399.

Ghosh, N.C. 1988. Comparative materia medica. Hanneman Publ. Co. Private Ltd. Kolkata, India.

Krishnamurthy, T. 1993. Minor forest products of India. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, India .p.69.

Oudhia, P. 1999. Medicinal weeds in groundnut fields of Chhattisgarh (India). Int. Arachis Newslett. 19:62-64.

Oudhia, P. 2000. Medicinal weeds in Kodomillet fields: A source of an additional income for Chhattisgarh farmers. Ecol. Env. Conserv. 6(2):171-174.

Oudhia, P. and R.S. Tripathi. 1998. Medicinal weeds of Kharif crops in the plains of Chhattisgarh. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika. 13(1/2):33-38.

Oudhia, P. and R.S. Tripathi. 1999. Medicinal weeds of Raipur and Durg (Madhya Pradesh) region. p.71-78. In: Proc. National Conference on Health Care and Development of Herbal Medicines, IGAU, Raipur. India, 29-30 Aug. 1997

Oudhia, P and R.S. Tripathi. 2000. Medicinal weed flora of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) fields in Chhattisgarh (India) Crop Res. 20(3):482 – 488.

Oudhia, P; R.S. Tripathi, S. Puri, and D.S. Chandel. 1999. Traditional knowledge about medicinal weeds in Chhattisgarh. Vasundhara. The Earth 1(1):12-15.

Rastogi, R.P. and B.N. Mehrotra. 1991. Compendium of Indian medicinal plants (vol. II, 1970-1979). Central Drug Res. Inst. Lucknow and Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi.

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