Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
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Scientific name: Cyperus rotundus L. syn. C. hexastachyos
English Name: Nut Grass
Common Indian Names
Hindi: Motha, Mutha
Canarese: Koranarigadde, Tungegaddo, Tungehullu
Marathi: Bimbal, Nagarmotha, Motha
Sanskrit: Bhadramusta, Granthi, Kachhda, Mustako, Sugandhi-granthila
Botanical Description: A perennial, stolaniferous, rhizomatus, halophytic sedge. Rhizome many, slender; Tuber-white, succulent when young, hard and black when mature; stem-leafy at base arising from a tuber. Culm-dark green, glabrous. Leaf dark green above, with reddish brown sheaths, clustered at the base of stem. Inflorescence 3-9 spreading rays bearing tassels of few, large spikelets; spikelet 20-40 flowered, red brown to almost black. Fruit oblong ovate.
Useful Parts: Tubers
Medicinal Uses: According to the Ayurveda, root is pungent, acrid, cooling, astringent, appetizer, stomachic, anthelmintic and useful in treatment of leprosy, thirst, fever, blood diseases, biliousness, dysentery, pruritis, pain, vomiting, epilepsy, opthalmia, erysipelas etc. According to the Unani system of medicine, the root is diuretic, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, anthelmintic, vulnerary and useful for ulcers and sores, fevers, dyspepsia, urinary concretions etc.
Useful in checking soil erosion.
The tuber yields an essential oil (0.5-0.9%), which is used in perfumery and incense.
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Last modified: June 30 2015 by aw