Contributor: Pankaj Oudhia
Copyright (c) 2002. All Rights Reserved. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor.
Common Indian Names:
Hindi: Mugani, Mudagparni, Mungawana, Trianguli, Mungesa, Jangli Moong.
Gujrati: Adabanmagi, Adavada, Magavala
Marathi: Ranmath , Ranwum
Saskrit: Koshila, Kurangika, Shimbi parni, Vanmudga
English Name: Wild gram
Botany: It is a trailing, straggling and suberect annual herb. Leaves are trifoliate, petioles 312 cm long, stipules peltate, ovate-oblong ciliate, leaflet, palmately trilobed, middle lobe larged and broadly spathulate, lateral oblong or more or less spathulate. Flowers are in sub-capitate, few flowered racemes, peduncles 1023 cm long and yellow. Pod up to 5 cm long slightly curved. Seeds 612. Flowering time in India is OctNov.
Distribution: In India it is found as wasteland and crop fields. Found in all most every part.
Useful parts: Leaves and fruit
Medicinal properties and uses: According to Ayurveda fruit is cooling, dry, bitter, aphrodisiac, astringent, styptic, anthelmintic and good for the eyes. Cures constipation, inflammations, fever, burning sensation, thirst, piles, dysentry, cough, gout, biliousness etc. Mungesa is one of the popular folk remedies in India. In many parts of India, the leaves and its decoction are used in case of fever and cough. It is also used in eye-diseases.
Besides medicinal uses, Mungesa is also a popular fodder. The paddy workers
use the ripe fruit as breakfast during their field work. Stimulatory allelopathic
effects of this weed on many agricultural crops viz. rice, wheat, chickpea etc
have been reported.
Society for Parthenium Management, (SOPAM)
28-A, College Road, Geeta Nagar
Raipur- 492001 India
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Last modified: June 30 2015 by aw