Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM)
28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India
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Scientific Name: Celastrus paniculatus Wild.
English Name: Black-Oil tree, Intellect tree, Climbing-staff plant.
Common Indian Names
Gujarati - Malkangana, Velo
Hindi - Malkakni, Malkamni, Malkangni
Canarese - Kangli, Kangodi, Kariganne
Marathi - Kangani, Malkangoni
Sanskrit - Jyotishmati, Kanguni, Sphutabandhani, Svarnalota
Telugu - Teegapalleru, Malaria teega
Bengali - Malkanjri
Malyalam - Polulavam
Tamil - Valuluvai
Botanical Description: It is an unarmed large woody climber; Leaves simple, alternate, very variable, elliptic, ovate, broadly, obovate or sub-orbicular, glabrous, sometimes pubescent beneath along the venation, up to 6 × 11 cm; base cuneate, obtuse or rounded, apex acute, acuminate or obtuse; panicles large, terminal, pubescent; Male flowers minute, Pale green; Calyx lobes suborbicular, toothed; Petals oblong or obovate-oblong, entire; Disk copular; Female flowers having sepals, petals and disk similar to those of male flowers; Capsule subglobose, bright yellow, trivalved, 3-6 seeded; Seeds ellipsoid, yellowish brown, enclosed in a red fleshy aril.
Useful Parts: Leaves and seeds
Medicinal Uses: According to Ayurveda, leaves are emmenagogue whereas seeds are acrid, bitter, hot, appetizer, laxative, emetic, aphrodisiac, powerful brain tonic, cause burning sensation. Oil enriches blood and cures abdominal complains. According on Unani system of medicine, seeds are bitter, expectorant, brain and liver tonic, cure joint-pains, paralysis and weakness. Oil stomachic, tonic, good for cough and asthma; used in leprosy, cures headache and leucoderma.
Agharkar, S.P. 1991. Medicinal plants of Bombay Presidency. Pbl. Scientific Publishers, Jodhurpur, India. p. 59.60.
Krishnamurthy, T.1993. Minor forest products of India. Pbl. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India. p. 35.
Lindley, J. 1985. Flora Medica. Pbl. Ajay Book Service, New Delhi, India. p. 198.
Singh, U; Wadhwani, A.M. and Johri, B.M. 1996. Dictionary of Economical Plants of India. Pbl. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India. p. 46.
Verma, D.M. Balakrishnan, N.P. and Dixit, R.D. 1993. Flora of Madhya Pradesh. Vol. I. Pbl. Botanical survey of India, Kolkata, India. p. 274.
|Celastrus paniculatus||Celastrus maytenus|
|Plant||Unarmed climbing shrub||Small tree|
|Leaves||Broadly oval or ovate or obovate, usually with a sudden short acumination, slightly serrated, glabrous||Alternate, simple, coriaceous, evergreen, ovate-lanceolate, tapering a little at the base and very much at the apex, serrated|
|Flowers||Racemes terminal, compound or supra-decompound, Calyx-lobed rounded, ciliated, margin of the disk thin, free||Axillary, fascicled, herbaceous minute|
|Capsule||Globose, 3-celled, 3-6 seeded||At the size of a pea, turbinate, cinerous, coriaceous, 2-valved, 2 seeded|
|Seed||With complete arillus||2, erect, with an orange-coloured aril|
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