Leguminosae Phaseolus lunatus L.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
While both vining and bush type lima beans are available, the bush types are mainly grown commercially for green limas. There are two main types, the baby limas with small, rather thin seeds, and those with large, thick seeds. "Green" lima beans are harvested when seeds are near full grown but the pods are still green in color. Dry or ripe limas are mainly of vine type and grown in California. Vines are allowed to run on the ground. In harvesting green limas for processing, plants are cut and the beans are shelled by machine, as are peas. Dry limas are harvested much as other dry beans. Limited quantities of green limas are hand picked and sold in the pods.
Production in U.S.: Green limas, 100,000 tons; dry limas, 50,000 tons.
Use: Green limas, processed as frozen or canned; some few sold fresh in pods.
Dry limas, sold as seeds, canned.
Part of plant consumed: Seeds only.