Source: Magness et al. 1971
Bermudagrass is believed native to India but has now spread throughout the tropical, subtropical and mild-temperate regions of the world. It became established throughout the southern half of the United States during the 18th century. Bermudagrass is a long-lived perennial which propagates by runners, underground rootstocks and seed. Runners may reach many feet in length, and it is difficult to eradicate where not wanted. The flowering branches reach only 6 to 12 inches high. The leaves are up to 4 inches long, flat, and somewhat hairy at the base. It thrives during warm weather and gives nutritious pasturage even after frost in the fall. Improved varieties have been developed, adapted to the Southern States. Propagation is by seed or planting stolons. The latter method is used for the improved varieties. Principal use is for pastures and for lawns.