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Cruciferae Brassica oleracea L. (Acephala group)

Source: Magness et al. 1971

Collards are closely related to kale and cabbage, and might be described as a non-heading cabbage. They are grown for the smooth, rather thick, tender leaves which are used as greens or pot herbs. Plants may be started in beds, or direct seeded in the field. They produce a rosette of leaves. The whole rosette may be cut off and marketed, the usual commercial practice, or leaves may be stripped off and the central axis will continue to grow and produce. Leaf surface is generally exposed, as in spinach.

Season, seeding to harvest: 21/2 to 3 months.

Production in U.S.: 10,050 acres, 1959 census.

Use: Mainly as greens or pot herbs.

Part of plant consumed: Leaves.

Last update February 18, 1999 by ch