Eastern elderberry S. canadensis L.
Western elderberry S. coerulea Raf.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
Elderberry plants are large shrubs, or small trees, sometimes up to 20 feet, cultivated to a limited extent in the U.S. for the fruit. Leaves are large and compound. Stems are hollow or pithy. Fruits are produced in large flat clusters 6 to 9 inches across. Individual berries are small, about 0.16 to 0.25 inch diameter, globose, with prominent seeds. Colors vary from red to blue-black. Fruits are harvested from wild in considerable quantities. There are a few commercial plantings of a selected variety named Adams.
Season, bloom to harvest: 60 to 90 days.
Production in U.S.: No data. About 500 tons.
Use: Culinary, jelly, wine.
Part consumed: All in culinary, juice in jelly and wine.