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Caprifoliaceae Sambucus sp.

Eastern elderberry S. canadensis L.

Western elderberry S. coerulea Raf.

Source: Magness et al. 1971

Elderberry plants are large shrubs, or small trees, sometimes up to 20 feet, cultivated to a limited extent in the U.S. for the fruit. Leaves are large and compound. Stems are hollow or pithy. Fruits are produced in large flat clusters 6 to 9 inches across. Individual berries are small, about 0.16 to 0.25 inch diameter, globose, with prominent seeds. Colors vary from red to blue-black. Fruits are harvested from wild in considerable quantities. There are a few commercial plantings of a selected variety named Adams.

Season, bloom to harvest: 60 to 90 days.

Production in U.S.: No data. About 500 tons.

Use: Culinary, jelly, wine.

Part consumed: All in culinary, juice in jelly and wine.

Last update February 18, 1999 by ch