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Compositae Cichorium endivia L.

Source: Magness et al. 1971

These are annual plants as produced commercially, grown from seed for the leaves, which are used in salads and to some extent as pot herbs. The leaves rise from near the soil surface, and are 6 to 8 inches long. Two leaf types are grown. In one, commonly termed endive, the numerous leaves are oblong, curled and fringed. The second type, termed escarole, has broad, generally nearly flat leaves. Method of growing endive and escarole is similar to that for lettuce. Plants may be started in beds, but more generally seeds are field sown. Leaf exposure during growth is similar to that of spinach

Season, seeding to harvest: 3 to 3.5 months.

Production in U.S.: 54,000 tons.

Use: Mainly in salads, some as pot herb.

Part of plant consumed: Leaves only.

Last update February 18, 1999 by ch