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Fennel, Florence

Sweet fennel, Sweet anise, Fetticus, Finocchio

Umbelliferae Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

Source: Magness et al. 1971

This plant is an annual, grown for the thickened bulb-like leaf-stem bases. These make a bulb-like structure just above the ground, up to 3 or 4 inches long, and oval in cross section. By covering with soil, these are sometimes blanched. They have an aromatic and distinctive flavor, and are generally used as a boiled vegetable. Plants attain a height of 2 to 3 feet. In general habit, it is somewhat similar to celery.


Season, seeding to harvest: About 4 months.

Production in U.S.: No data. Limited.

Use: As cooked vegetable and raw as a salad.

Part of plant consumed: Thickened leaf-stem bases.


Last update February 18, 1999 by ch