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Grape, European or Old World type

Vitaceae Vitis vinifera L,

Source: Magness et al. 1971

This type grape, grown in the U.S. mainly in California and Arizona, constitutes the major portion (tonnage wise) produced bere. The plant is a long-lived woody vine. In commercial production it is drastically restricted in size by pruning, and is generally supported on a trellis, but some wine types are grown with a short, self supporting trunk. Fruit is borne in clusters. Individual fruits or berries vary in size from 0.33 inch diameter to 1 inch or more; in shape from round to oval or cylindrical; and in color from light green to red or black. Skin is smooth and waxy, enclosing a juicy pulp to which it adheres. Both seedless and seeded kinds are among the dozens of varieties grown commercially.

Season, bloom to harvest: 2.5 to 6 months, depending on variety.

Production in U.S.: About 3,500,000 tons.

Use: Fresh shipment, dried for raisins, wine.

Part of fruit consumed: All except seeds in fresh eating and raisins. juice only for wine. Oil is extracted from the seeds.

Last update February 18, 1999 by ch