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Loquat

Japanese medlar

Rosaceae Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.

Source: Magness et al. 1971

Loquat trees are evergreen, rounded in form, up to 25 feet high. Dark green leaves are up to a foot long. Trees will stand winter temperatures down to about 12°F. Flowers open and set fruit in autumn, and if temperatures reach 25°F. or lower in winter, fruit crop will be lost. Flowers and fruits are produced on large panicles. Individual fruits are pyriform or oval, 1.5 to near 3 inches long, and covered with a tough, pubescent skin which separates readily from the pulp when ripe. The fruit is a pome, like apple and pear, generally with 3 to 5 seeds, and with the calyx persistent. Flesh is firm and creamy, mild, sub-acid in flavor.


Season, bloom to maturity: About 6 months.

Production in U.S.: About 10 tons commercial.

Use: Fresh and culinary.

Part of fruit consumed: Inner pulp only.


Last update February 18, 1999 by ch