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Pea, Garden

English pea, Guisante

Leguminosae, Fabaceae Pisum sativum L.

Source: Magness et al. 1971

field pea Garden peas are a major vegetable crop in the U.S. and in all temperate zone countries. Field peas grown for feed are also important. There are many varieties, varying in height of plant, size, tenderness and sweetness of the peas, season of maturity, and other properties. All garden peas grown commercially are on vining type plants, generally 2 to 3 feet in length.

field pea tendril Seeds are enclosed in pods, from which they are removed by machine for commercial processing or by hand for home use. Edible podded kinds are known, but these are unimportant in the U.S. and rarely enter commerce. For commercial processing, vines are cut and passed through threshers or "viners" which remove the peas from vines and pods.


Season, bloom to harvest: 20 to 30 or more days, depending on variety and climate.

Production in U.S.: About 550,000 tons commercially for food. 200,000 tons field peas for feed.

Use: Processed canned and frozen, canned soup, dried split peas for soup.

Part of plant consumed: Seeds only for food. Vines from threshers for livestock feed.


Last update Sept 27, 1997