Solanaceae Capsicum annuum L. See also peppers.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
Various types of relatively small fruited hot peppers are grown for drying and grinding to produce the cayenne, paprika, and "red pepper" condiments. The very small Tabasco and Tonka types are crushed without drying in preparing very hot sauces. Some types are also pickled. Fruits are generally small, 1 inch or less in width. Length varies in different types from under 2 inches up to 6 inches or more.
Production in U. S.: No separate data. Much of the paprika and cayenne is imported.
Use: Mainly as flavoring of foods.
Part of fruit consumed: Whole fruit.