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Gramineae, Poaceae Chloris gayana Kunth

Source: Magness et al. 1971

This grass is native to South Africa and was brought to the United States in 1902. It is a fine-stemmed, leafy perennial, growing up to 3 feet high. It produces abundant seed, and also spreads by running stolons which may reach 6 feet in length and produce a plant at each node. The plants are not winter hardy, being killed by temperatures below about 15°F. Consequently, it is adapted in this country only to near the Gulf Coast from Florida to Southern Texas and Southen Arizona and California. While fairly drought resistant, ample moisture is needed for good production. Under favorable conditions of moisture and soil fertility, heavy yields of high quality pasturage and hay are secured. Stands are established by seeding.

Last update July 1, 1996 bha