Pedaliaceae Sesamum indicum L.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
The sesame plant is an erect growing annual, 1 to 2 feet high, grown for the small, obovate, flattened seeds, which are widely used on bread, rolls and other culinary items, and are also extracted for the oil. The leaves are entire, 3 to 5 inches long, oblong or lanceolate, and somewhat roughened. Seeds are produced in pods. The plant requires a fairly long, warm growing season. Only the seeds are utilized. Culture and exposure are similar to those of soybean.
Production in the U.S.: 15,087 acres reported, 1959 census. 3,800 tons of seed.
Use: Seeds used for flavoring of baked breads. Fixed oil used as salad oil and in other foods.
Part of plant utilized: Seeds only.