Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa L. (Aggregatum group)
Source: Magness et al. 1971
Shallots produce a cluster of bulbs from a single planted bulb. Otherwise, they are similar to the common onion. Commercially they are grown mainly for marketing as green onions, mainly in the South. The mother or "seed" bulbs are planted in late summer or fall. As daughter bulbs and plants develop, soil is pushed around them to blanch the lower portion. Daughter plants are pulled at suitable size, the outer skin removed from the bulb and base of leaves, and the small bulb and green leaves are marketed as green onions. Shallots are also grown for the dry bulbs, which are milder flavored than most onions. Culture for dry bulbs is essentially like that for onions.
Production in the U.S.: About 6,000 acres, 1,600 tons.
Use: Fresh, in salads, and culinary cookery.
Part consumed: Inner bulb and leaves for green onions; bulb with scales removed for dry.