Next to cabbage, spinach is the most important of the vegetables grown for greens or pot herbs in the U.S. The plants are grown from seed and harvested while young and tender. Varieties differ in leaf shape from smooth and broad arrow-shaped to savoyed or wrinkled, but all leaves are non-hairy. Plants form a rosette of leaves on a very short stem, which later grows into a seed stalk. For greens, plants are harvested by cutting near the ground level prior to appreciable elongation of the stem. Leaves are largely separate and individually exposed during development.
Production in the U.S.: 940,000 tons.
Use: As pot herbs; shipped fresh, canned, frozen.
Part consumed: Leaves.