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Rutaceae Citrus reticulata Blanco

Source: Magness et al. 1971

See also citrus fruits. These oranges are characterized by a loose skin which separates readily from the pulp, and by segments which separate readily from each other. Fruit is generally oblate and smaller than sweet or round oranges. Diameter is 2-1/2 inches or less, though some varieties are larger. Two main types are grown in the U.S.: The Satsuma group, characterized by a small tree, hardier than other citrus, and early ripening fruit of yellow or light orange color; and the tangerine group, characterized by deep orange color and later ripening. Mandarin oranges are grown in all citrus areas of the U.S. Some Satsuma plantings are along the Gulf States, in areas too cold for other citrus. Tangerines are the type mainly grown in this country. Dancy is the leading variety of Tangerine and Owari of Satsuma. About 10 other varieties occur occasionally.

Season, bloom to harvest: 6 to 10 months.

Production in U.S.: About 250,000 tons.

Use: Mainly fresh, but juice also frozen.

Part of fruit consumed: Internal segments.

Last update February 19, 1999 by ch