Solanaceae Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
Tomatoes are among the most important food crops in all parts of the world except areas of cool, short growing seasons. The plant is an annual, grown from seed. They are usually started in beds and moved to the field at 6 to 8 weeks, but may be seeded in place. When grown without support the plant of most varieties is much branched and sprawling. If supported on stakes or trellis it attains heights up to 6 to 8 feet. Leaves are compound and pinnate, a foot or more in length. Fruits have a smooth peel. They vary in size from an inch up to 4 inches in diameter. In shape they are generally oblate, but some varieties are globose or pyriform or conic.
Production in the U.S.: Commercial about 6 million tons. Also in most home gardens.
Use: Fresh in salads, cooked, juice. Commercially canned and canned juice.
Part consumed: Generally whole fruit, except peel. Peel is generally removed after steaming or immersion in hot water.