Leguminosae Trifolium repens L.
Source: Magness et al. 1971
White clover, like red, is believed native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It was widely grown in Europe before America was colonized and was brought here by the earliest settlers. It is now grown in all areas of the United States except the Great Plains and the extreme South. The plants are perennials with a prostrate growth habit. They develop stolons which root at the nodes, resulting in thickening of the stands. They do not develop upright stems. Leaves grow at the crown and at the nodes of stolons. They are trifoliate and the leaflets vary in shape from broadly elliptical to obovate - generally about half an inch across. Flower beads are aenerally white, sometimes pink-tinted, and contain up to 100 florets.
Among many strains, Ladino white clover is now most widely grown. It differs from the common kinds in that it grows 2 to 4 times as large- otherwise, it is similar. White clovers are used primarily as pastures, often in combination with grasses. They are highly nutritious and palatable.