Family Index | Genus Index | Famine Foods |NewCROP Homepage

Reference List for Famine Foods Database

Abdelmuti, Omar Mohamed Salih. 1991. Biochemical and nutritional evaluation of famine foods of the Sudan. Doctoral dissertation in Biochemistry and Nutrition. Faculty of Agriculture. Khartoum, Sudan: University of Khartoum.

Alamgir, Mohiuddin.1980. Famine in South Asia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Oelgeschlager, Gunn & Hain, Publishers, Inc.

Alcorn, Janice B. 1984. Huastec Mayan ethnobotany. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.

Allaby, Michael. 1992. The concise Oxford Dictionary of botany. Oxford, England: Oxford University

Altschul, Siri von Reis. 1973. Drugs and foods from little-known notes in Harvard University herbaria. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Anonymous. 1965. "The cycads of Guam." Lancet 1:593. 13 March.

Anonymous. 1967. "Charlock or preshaugh." Eire. Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Information Branch. Dublin, Eire.

Atmakusuma, Achjani Tubagus. 1965. Cyperus rotundus Linn (Teki) suatu penelitian farmakoligik. [Cyperus rotundus, L. (Teki). A pharmacological investigation.] Ph.D. dissertation. Bogor, Indonesia: Insitut Pertanian.

Bailey, Lydia Hyde. 1924. Manual of cultivated plants. New York: Macmillan Company.

Bailey, Lydia Hyde. 1933. How plants got their names. New York, NY: Macmillan

Baker, Dwight. 1993. Hippophae rhamnoides : an NFT valued for centuries. NFT Highlights [19]93:02 (June). Paia, Hawaii: Nitrogen-Fixing Tree Association

Baranov, A.I. 1967. "Wild vegetables in Manchuria." Economic Botany 21:140-155.

Barton, William Paul Crillon. 1818. Vegetable materia medica of the United States; or medical botany: containing a botanical, general, and medical history of medicinal plants indigenous to the Unted States. Volume Two. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Beaton, John M. 1977. Dangerous harvest. Investigations in the late prehistoric occupation of upland southeaast central Queensland. Doctoral dissertation. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University.

Becker, Barbara. 1983. "The contribution of wild plants to human nutrition in the Ferlo (northern Sénégal)." Agroforesty Systems 1:257-267.

Becker, Barbara. 1986. "Wild plants for human nutrition in the Sahelian Zone." Journal of Arid Environments 11:61-64.

Bell, Willis & Castetter, Edward F. 1937. The utilization of mesquite and screwbean by aborigines in the American Southwest. University of New Mexico. Bulletin No. 314. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press.

Berry-Koch, Angela. 1985. "Famine food and the process of adaptation to extreme food shortages." An essay prepared for the Nutrition Department of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. London, England: London School of Tropical Hygiene. 9pp.

Bhandari, M.M. "Famine foods in the Rajasthan Desert." Economic Botany 28:73-81.

Bhargava, K.S. 1960. "Unusual and supplementary food plants of Kumaon." Bombay Natural History Society Journal 56:26-31.

Blankinship, J.W. 905. Native economic plants of Montana. Montana. Agricultural College. Experiment Station. Bulletin No. 56. Bozeman, Montana: Montana Agricultural College.

Boyd, Claude E. 1969. "The nutritive value of three spepcies of water weeds." Economic Botany 23:123-127 (April/June)

Brewbaker, James L. 1992. Pithecellobium [sic] dulce—sweet and thorny. NFT Highlights 91-04 (July). Waimanalo, Hawaii: Nitrogen-Fixing Tree Association.

Bouquet, J. 1939. "Contribution a l'étude de l'alimentation en Tunisie." (Tunis. Ville de) Institut de Pasteur. Archives 27:66-77.

Boyd, Claude E. 1969. "The nutritive value of three species of water weeds." Economic Botany 23-123-127.

Burkill, Isaac Henry. 1935. Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Calcott, Maria. 1842. A scriptural herbal. London: Longmans, Brown, Green, and Longmans.

Carr, L.G. 1943. "Survival foods of the American aborigenes." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 19: 845-847.

Castetter, Edward F. 1935. Uncultivated native plants used as sources of food. University of New Mexico. Bulletin. No. 266. Biolgoical Series. Vol. 4. No.1. Ethnobiological Studies in the American Southwest. No.1. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press.

Castetter, Edward F. & Grove, Alvin F. 1938. The early utilization and distribution of Agave in the American Southwest. University of New Mexico. Bulletin No. 335. Albuquerque, New Mexico: Unversity of New Mexico Press.

Castetter, Edward F. & Bell, Willis H. 1942. Pima and Papago Indian agriculture. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press.

Castetter, Edward F. & Bell, Willis H. 1951. Yuman Indian agriculture. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press.

Chang, Kwang-chih, ed. 1977. Food in Chinese culture. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Chedd, G. 1971. "Hidden perils of the Green Revolution." New Scientist (London) 48(724):171-173.

Chesnut, Victor King. 1902. "Plants used by the Indians of Mendocino County, California." United States National Museum. United States National Herbarium. Contributions. 7:295-408,

Chock, Alvin K. 1968. "Hawaiian ethnobotanical studies 1. Native food and beverage plants." Economic Botany 22:221-238.

Christopher, Thomas. 1985. "The famine garden of Prince Chu Su." Garden [New York Botanical Garden] 9:18-21 (May/June).

Church, Arthur Herbert.1889. "Dendrocalamus strictus, Nees." Great Britain. Royal Botanical Garden, Kew. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. No. 36. Pp. 283-284.

Church, Arthur Herbert. 1896. "Wild indigo seed as a famine food in Bombay and Behar." Agricultural Ledger No. 19.

Church, Arthur Herbert. 1901. Food grains of India, 1896 with supplement. London, England: Chapman and Hall.

Cornelius, J.A., Hammond, T.W., Leicester, J.B., Ndabahwedji, J.K., Rosie, D.A., & Shone, G.G. 1970. "New tropical seed oils. III. Component acids of leguminous and other seed oils (continued)." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 21:49-50.

Cornforth, J.W. & Henry, Alan J. 1952. "The presence of cis- and trans-3-hydroxystachydrine in the fruit of Courbonia virgata. Journal of the Chemical Society 107 (:597-601. (February)

Cossalter, Christian. 1991. Acacia senegali : gum tree with promise for agroforesty. NFT Highlights 92-01 (March). Paia, Hawaii: Nitrogen-Fixing Tree Association.

Coville, Frederick Vernon. 1897. "Notes on the plans used the the Klamath Indians of Oregon. United States National Museum United States National Herbarium. Contributions 5:87-108.

Créac'h, Paul V. 1944. Se nourrir au Sahel. L'alimentation au Tchad, 1937-1939. Paris, France: Editions l'Harmattan.

Créac'h, Paul V. 1949. "Le probleme des mois de disette au Moyen-Tchad: les aliments végétaux de remplacement." In: Conférence Inter-Africain d'Alimentation. Dschang, Cameroun. Pp. 291-295.

Crosse-Upcott, A.R.W. 1958. "Ngindo famine subsistence." Tanganyika Notes and Records 50:1-20.

Coussens, R. & Sierrens, G. 1949. "Oestrogenic properties of tulip bulbs." Archives of International Pharmacodynamics 78:309-311.

Currey, Bruce. 1980. "Famine in the Pacific. Losing the chances for change." GeoJournal 4(5):447-466.

Curschmann, Fritz. Hungersnot im Mittlealter: eine Beitrag zur deutschen Wirtschaftsgeschichte des 7 bis 13 Jahrhunderts. Leipzig, Germany: B.G. Teubner.

Curtin, L.S.M. 1949. By the Prophet of the Earth. Ethnobotany of the Pima. Santa Fe, New Mexico: San Vincente Foundation

Cuypers, J.-B. 1970. L'alimentation chez les Shi. Annales. No. 67. Sciences Humaines. Tervuren, Belgium: Museé Royale de l'Afrique Centrale.

Da Cunha, Euclides. 1944. Rebellion in the backlands. Translated from: Os Sertoes, by Samuel Putnam. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press.

Dadswell, I.W. 1934. "The chemical composition of some plants used by Australian aborigenes." Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science 12: 13-18.

Darlington, C.D. & Ammal, E.K. Janaki. 1945. Chromosome atlas of cultivated plants. London, England: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.

De Castro, Josue. 1952. The geography of hunger. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown.

Diarra, N'Golo. 1977. "Quelques plantes vendues su le marchés de Bamako." Jounal d'Agriculture Traditonalle et de Botanique Appliquée 24 (1):41-49.

Dillingham, F.T. 1900. "A contribution to the history of bark bread." Bussey Institution. Bulletin 2:120-128.

Dillingham, F.T. 1907. "The staff tree (Celastrus scandens ) as a former food supply of starving Indians." American Naturalist 41:391-393. (Abstracted in Chemical Abstracts 2(5): 670)

Dodge, Ernest Stanley.1943. Gourd growers of the South Seas. An introduction to the study of the Lagenaria gourd in the culture of the Polynesians. Ethnographical Series. No. 2. Boston, Massachusetts: Gourd Society of America.

Duke, James. 1981 Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. New York, NY and London, England: Plenum Press.

Duthie. J.F. 1903. Flora of the Upper Gangetic Plain and the adjacent Siwalik and sub-Himalayan tracts. Vol.1. Part 1. Calcutta, India: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing.

El-Ghonemi, A.A., Wallace, A., Romney, E.M., Dowaider, S. El-Gazzar, A. 1978. "Potentialities of plants with underground storage organs in Egyptian desert flora." Economic Botany 32:75-86.

Embrey, Hartley & Wang, Tsan Ch'ing. 1921. "Analyses of some Chinese foods." Chinese Medical Journal 35:247-257.

Elmore, Francis H. 1944. Ethnobotany of the Navajo. University of New Mexico. Bulletin. No. 392. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971. Volume 4. Pp. 515-517. Jerusalem, Israel: Keter Publishing House; New York, NY: Macmillan Co.

Fagg, Christopher W. 1992. Acacia nilotica—pioneer for dry lands. NFT Hightlights 92-04 (June). Paia: Hawaii: Nitrogen-Fixing Tree Association.

Felger, Richard S. Moser, Mary B. 1970. "Seri use of Agave (Century Plant)." Kiva 35:159-167.

Felger, Richard S. & Moser, Mary B. 1971. "Seri use of mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa, var. torreyana)." Kiva 37:53-70.

Felger, Richard S. & Moser, Mary B. 1974. "Columnar cacti in Seri culture." Kiva 39:257-275.

Felger, Richard S. & Moser, Mary B. 1976. "Seri Indian food plants: desert subsistence without agriculture." Ecology of Food and Nutrition 5:13-17.

Felger, Richard S. & Moser, Mary B. 1985. People of the desert and the sea. Ethnobotany of the Seri. Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona Press.

Ferro-Luzzi, G. 1947. "Studio sui fenomeni di malnutrizione in Eritrea. Nota II. Malattia da "sebera" e latirismo in Eritrea." Societá Italiana di Medicina e Igiene Tropicale. Boletino (Colonia Eritrea) 7(5-6):1-12 (?).

Ferry, M.-P., Gessain, M. & Gessain, R. 1974. Ethno-botanique Tenda. Paris, France: Centre de Recherches Anthropologiques de Musée de l' Homme.

Gaertner, Erika E. 1970. "Breadstuff from fir (Abies balsamea)." Economic Botany 24: 69-72.

Gade, Daniel W. 1975. Plants, man and the land in the Vilconaota Valey of Peru. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk B.V., Publishers.

Gade, Daniel W. 1994. Personal communication. (August 8th)

Gammie, George Alexander. 1902. "A note on plants used for food during famines and seasons of scarcity in the Bombay Presidency." India. Botanical Survey. Records 2(2):171-196.

Garine, Igor de & Koppert, G. 1988. "Coping with uncertainty in food supply among savannah populations: the Massa and Mussey of Chad and Cameroon." In: de Garine & Harrison.

Garruto, Ralph M., Yanagihara, Richard & Gajdusek, D. Carleton. 1988. "Cycads and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Parkinsonism dementia." The Lancet 11:1079. November 5.

Gilmore, Melvin Randolph.1919. "Use of plants by the Indians of the Missouri River region." United States National Museum. Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. Annual Report for the Year1911-1913. 33:43 -154.

Goodale, Jane Carter. 1971. Tiwi wives; a study of the women of Melville Island, North Australia. Seattle, Washington: Unversity of Washington Press.

Great Britain. Colonial Office. Uganda. 1908. Correspondence relating to famine in the Busoga district of Uganda. London, England: His Majesty's Stationery Office.

Gunstone, F.D.; Taylor, G.M., Cornelius, J.A., & Hammonds, T.W. 1972. "New tropical seed oils. IVa. Component acids of leguminous and other seed oils including useful sources of crepenynic and dehydrocrepenynic acid." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 23:53-60.

Gupta, Ram Kumar. 1962. "Some unusual and interesting food plants of the Garhwal HImalayas." Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée 9(11-12):532-535.

Gupta, Raj Kumar & Kanodia, K.C. 1968. "Plants used during scarcity and famine periods in the dry regions of India." Journal

Gupta, Raj Kumar & Kanodia, K.C. 1968. "Plants used durng scarcity and famine perioids in the dry regions of India." Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée 15:265-285.

Hanausek, Thomas Franz. 1915. "The seeds of Chenopodium album." [In German]. Zeitschrift fur Unterzuchung der Nahrung und Genussmittel (Berlin) 29:17-26.

Handy, Edward Smith Craighill. 1940. The Hawaiian planter. Volume 1. His plants, methods, and areas of culivation. Bulletin 161. Honolulu, Hawaii: Bernice Puahi Bishop Museum.

Haring, Douglas Gilbert. [1952] The island of Amami Oshima in the northern Ryukyus. (SIRI) [Scientific Investigation in the Ryukyu Islands.] Report No. 2. Pacific Science Board. National Research Council. Department of the Army Contract 49-083-OSA 255. [Washington, D.C.: National Research Council] Mimeographed.

Harris, G.H. 1890. "The root plants of the Seneca Indians." Rochester Academy of Science. Proceedings. 1:106-117.

Hely-Hutchinson, W.F. 1898. "Famine plants in Zululand." Great Britain. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (135):52-54.

Henry, Alan J. 1948. "The toxic principle of Courbonia virgata : its isolation and identification as a tetramethylammonium salt. British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy 3:187-188. (September)

Henry, Alan J. & Grindley, D. Noel. 1949. "Courbonia virgata: its chemical composition and basic constituents." Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry 68:9-12.

Henry, Alan J.; King, Harold. 1950. "The isolation and identification of (-) stachydrine ethyl ester periodide from the root of Courbonia virgata." Journal of the Chemical Society 556:2866-2868. (October)

Henry, Alan J. & Grindley, D. Noel. 1954. Sudan food values. Khartoum, Sudan: Philosophical Society of the Sudan.

Hoogland, R.D. 1986. Personal communication. September 2.

Hodge, W.H. 1957. "More plants for man." American Journal of Botany 44(1): 65-67. (Reprinted in: Qualitas Plantarum et Materia Vegetabilis 5(1-2):154-157.

Hooper, D. 1904. "Analyses of Indian pot-herbs of the natural orders Amarantaceae, Chenopodiaceae, and Polygonaceae." Agricultural Ledger (Calcutta) (6):423-434.

Hoppe, Hans. 1958. Drogenkunde. Handbuch der Pflanzenlichen und Tierischen Rohstoffe. Hamburg, Germany: Cram, De Gruyter & Co.

Hough, Walter. 1897. The Hopi in relation to their plant environment. American Anthropologist 10:33-44.

Iengar. N.G.C. & Rau, Y.V.S. 1952. "Green leafy vegetables as sources of calcium." Annals of Biochemistry and Experimental Medicine 12: 41-

Irvine, F.R. 1952. "Supplementary and emergency food plants of West Africa." Economic Botany 6(1):23-40.

Irvine, F.R. 1957. "Wild and emergency foods of Australian and Tasmanian aborigenes." Oceania 23(2): 113-142.

Jackson, B.D. 1893. Index Kewensis. An enumeration of the genera and species of flowering plants. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. 3 vols.

Kabuye, Chistine H.S. 1986. "Edible roots from wild plants in arid and semi-arid Kenya." Journal of Arid Environments 11:65-73.

Kalm, Pehr.1772/1972. Travels into North America, containing its natural history, and a circumstantial account of its plantations and agriculture in general. Translated into English by John Reinhold Forster. Second edition. Two volumes. London, England. Reprint: Barre, Massachusetts: Imprint Society.

Krenetsky, John C. 1964. Phytosociological and ethnobotanical study of the Picuris Indians. Master's thesis. Biology. University of New Mexico. Albuquerque, New Mexico:

Kundaji, Tara, & Rao, M.V.R. 1954. "Supplementary nutritive value of some subsidiary cereals." Current Science (Bangalore) 23:93-97.

Kwolek, W.F. & Van Etten, C.H. 1968. "Evaluation of amounts and pattern of essential amino acids in plant seeds." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 17(3)L 496-499.

Lal, G., Tandon, G.L. & Pruthi, J.S. 1952. "Utilization of tender bamboo shoots as an article of food." Chemical Age Series (Bombay) 6: 110-114.

Laya, Diuldé. 1975. "Document. Interviews with farmers and livestocks[sic]-owners in the Sahel. African Environment 1(2):49-93. Dakar, Sénégal: ENDA Publications.

Lichtenfelt, Hans. 1912. Volksernahrung und Teuerung. Eine Studie. [Folk food and famine. A study.] Stuttgart, Germany: W. Kohlhammer. 61pp.

Lucas, Anthony. 1959. "Nettles and charlock as famine food." Breifne (Dublin) 1(2):137-146.

Mabberly, D.J. The plant book. A portable dictionary of the higher plants. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Maiden, J.H. 1888. "Australian human foods and food adjuncts." Paper read before the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 30th May. [unpublished]

Maiden, J.H. 1889. The useful native plants of Australia (including Tasmania). The Technological Museum of New South Wales, Sydney. Printed by order of the Committee of Management. London, England: Trubner & Co. Sydney, Australia: Turner and Henderson. xii+696pp. See especially: "Human food and food adjuncts." Pp. 1-112.

Mangelsdorf, P.C. 1961. "Biology, food, and people." Economic Botany 15:279-288.

Maxwell, Hu. 1916. "Tree bark as human food." American Forestry 22:277-280 (May).

Miege, Jacques. 1986. "Les facteurs naturels de l'alimentation en Afrique." Geneve Afrique 24(1):111-122.

Miller, R.W., Van Etten, C.H., McGrew, Clara, Wolf, I.A. & Jones, O. 1962. "Amino acid composition of seed meals from forty-one species of Cruciferae." Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 10(5): 426-430.

Moldenke, Harold N. 1954. "The economic plants of the Bible." Economic Botany 8:152-163.

Mortimore, Michael. 1989. Adapting to drought. Farmers, famines and desertification in West Africa. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Murray, Edward. 1986. Personal communication. July.

Natarajan, C.P. & Bhatia, D.S. 1953. "Processing of Agave Vera-Cruz, Mill." Bulletin of the Central Food Technological Research Institute (Mysore) 3(2): 39-41) November.

Neal, Marie C. 1965. In gardens of Hawaii. Special Publication No. 50. Honolulu, Hawaii: Bernice Puahi Bishop Museum.

Needham, Jospeh, Lu, Gwei-djen, & Huang, Hsing-tsung. 1984 [?] Science and civillization in China. Volume 6. Biology and Biological Technology. Part 1: Botany. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Newman, J.L. no date. "Dimensions of Sandawe diet." Typescript. Department of Geography. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University.

Nishida, K., Kobayashi, A. & Nagahama, T. 1955. "Cycasin, a toxic glycoside of Cycas revoluta. Nihon-nogei kagakai shi [Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan. Journal.] 19:77-84. Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts 50:13756.

Oliver, T. 1897. "Poisoning cuasd by eating the hairy willow herb (Epilobium hirsutum )." British Medical Journal 2:707, 708.

Pagezy, H. 1988. "Coping with uncertainty in food supply among the Oto and the Twa in the equatorial flooded forest near Lake Tumba, Zaire." In: de Garine & Harrison. 1988. Pp. 175-209.

Palmer, Edward. 1871. Food products of the North American Indians. United States Commissioner of Agriculture. Annual Report for the year 1870.

Palmer, Edward, 1878. "Plants used by the Indians of the United Sates." American Naturalist 12:593-606; 646-655. Also in: American Journal of Pharmacy 50:539-548; 586-592.

Parham, Mrs. H. B. Richenda. 1943. Fiji native plants. Polynesian Society. Memoir No.16. Wellington, New Zealand: Polynesian Society.

Parker, Arthur Caswell. 1910. Iroquois uses of maize and other food plants. New York State Museum. Museum Bulletin No. 144. Albany, New York: Unversity of the State of New York.

Parmentier, Antoine August. 1781. Recherches sur les végétaux nourrisans qui, dans les temps de disette, peuvent remplacer les alimens ordinaires. Avec de nouvelles observations su la culture des pommes de terre. Paris, France: Imprimerie royale. xvi+599pp.

Paton, Diarmid Noel & Dunlop, James Crawfurd. 1904. Famine foods: the nutritive value of some uncultivated foods used by Bhils during recent famines. Edinburgh, Scotland: from the Laboratory of the Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Edinburgh. 27pp.

Paton, Diarmid Noel & Dunlop, James Crawfurd. 1904. "The nutritive values of some uncultivated foods used by the Bhils during recent famines." Agricultural Ledger (6): 37-73.

Pennington, Campbell W. 1980. The Pima Bajo of Central Sonora. Vol.1. The material culture. Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press.

Petrak, F. 1953. Index of fungi, 1922-1928. Kew, Surrey, England: The Commonwealth Mycological Insititute. Pp. 291-696.

Pickering, Charles. 1879. Chronological history of plants: man's record of his own existence illustrated through their names, uses, and companionship. Boston, Massachusetts: LIttle, Brown & Co.

Popov, Andrei Aleksandrovich. 1966. The Nganasan. The material culture of the Tavgi Samoyeds. Translated by Elaine J. Ristinen. Uralic Altaic Series. Volume Six. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.

Porsild, Alf Erling. 1953. "Edbile plants of the Arctic." Arctic 6:15-34.

Prasad, D.A. 1964. "Studies on the chemical composition, digestabilility, and nutritive value of babul pods (Acacia arabica )." Indian Veterinary Journal 41: 418-421.

Radha-Pant, Kalipathi S. & Fales, Henry M. 1974. "Occurrence of a new amino acid in Crotolaria seeds." Phytochemistry 13:1626-1627.

Radha-Pant, Kalipathi S., Hasan, Wasimul, & Makinson, J.M. 1981-1982. "Chemical analyses of some uncultivated seeds with special reference to their protein and lipid contents." Phyta 4/5:65-72.

Radha-Pant, Kalipathi S. & Kapur, A.S. 1963. "Chemical investigation of some wild Indian legumes." Annals of Biochemistry and Experimental Medicine 23(3):95-100.

Radha-Pant, Kalipathi S., Nair, Rajagopalan., Singh, K.S. & Koshti, G.S. 1974. "Amino acid composition of some wild legumes. Current Science 43(8):235-239.

Radha-Pant, Kalipathi S. & Tulsiani, D.R.P. 1969. "Solubility, amino acid composition, and biological evaluation of proteins isolated from leguminous seeds." Agricultural and Food Chemistry 17(2):361-366.

Rahaman, M. Mujibur. 1978. "The causes and effects of famine in the rural population: a report from Bangladesh." Ecology of Food and Nutrition 7:99-102.

Ramanamurthy, P.S.V. 1969. "Physiological effects of 'hot' and 'cold' foods in human subjects." Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (Coimbatore) 6(3):187-191.

Rao, M.V.; Laksmanarayan,; & Bhatia, I.S. 1954. "Biological utilization of the polyfructosans of Agave Vera Cruz , Mill." Bulletin of the Central Food Technological Research Insitute (Mysore) 2(5):110-111 (February).

Rao, P., Jacob, C.M. & Ramasastri, B.V. 1969. "The nutritive value of bamboo seeds." Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (Coimbatore) 6(3): 192-195.

Read, Bernard Emms (editor). 1946. Famine foods listed in the Chiu huang pen ts'ao [of Ting Wang Chou]: giving their identity, nutritional values and notes on their preparation. Shanghai, China: Henry Lester Insitute of Medical Research. 93pp.

Riley, Bernard & Brokensha, David. 1988. The Mbeere in Kenya. Volume II. Botanical identities and uses. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America

Robson, John Robert Keith & Elias, Joel. 1978. The nutritional value of indigenous wild plants: an annotated bibliography. Troy, New York: The Whitston Publishing Co.

Rusby, H.H. 1907. "The wild foods of February." Country Life in America 11:456, 458.

Salfou, André. 1975. "When history repeats itself: the famine of 1931 in Niger." African Environment 1(2):22-48. Dakar, Sénégal: ENDA Publications.

Salih, Omar M., & Nour, Abdelazim, M. 1992. Nutritional quality of uncultivated cereal grains utilised as famine foods in Western Sudan as measured by chemical analysis. Journal of the Sciences of Food and Agriculture 58:417-424.

Salih, Omar M., Nour, Abdelazim, M. & Harper, David B. 1991. "Chemical and nutritional composition of two famine food sources used in Sudan, Mukheit (Boscia senegalensis ) and Maikah (Dobera roxburghi )." Journal of the Sciences of Food and Agriculture 57:367-377.

Salih, Omar M., Nour, Abdelazim M. & Harper, David B. 1992. "Nutritional quality of uncultivated cereal grains utilised as famine foods in western Sudan as measured by chemical analysis." Journal of the Sciences of Food and Agriculture 57:417-424.

Sandison, M.S., Harris, P.J.C. & Hussain, I.1991. Prosopis cinneraria: a multipurpose tree for arid areas. NFT Highlights [19]91-04 (July). Waimanalo, Hawaii: Nitrogen-Fixing Tree Association

Saunders, Charles Francis. 1920. Useful wild plants of the United States and Canada. New York, NY: R.M. McBride.

Saxena, S.K. 1979. "Plant foods of Western Rajasthan." Man & Environment 3:35-43.

Sayce, Roderick Urwick. 1953. "Need years and need foods." The Montgomeryshire Collections 53 [Part 1]: 55-80.

Schaefer, Edward H. 1977. "T'sang." In: Chang. 1977. Pp. 85-140.

Scudder, Thayer. 1971. Gathering among African woodland cultivators. Zambian Papers. No. 5. Manchester, England: Manchester University.

Shortt, J. 1887-1888. "List of wild plants and vegetables used as food by people in famine times." Indian Forester 3:232-238.

Stapf, O. 1929. Index Londonensis to illustrations of flowering plants. ferns, and fern allies, etc. 6 volumes. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Sturtevant, Edward Lewis. 1919/1972. Sturtevant's notes on edible plants. Edited by Ulysses Prentiss Hedrick. New York State Department of Agriculture. Annual Report. Vol. 27. (Volume 2, Part 2). Albany, New York: J.B. Lyon Company, state printer. Reprint. New York, NY: Dover Press.

Subrahmanyan, V., Natarajan, C.P., Bhatia, D.S., Desikachar, H.S.R., and Sankaran, A.N. 1953. "Utilization of Agave as an article of food." Bulletin of the Central Food Technological Research Institute (Mysore) 3(3):63-66.

Subrahmanyan, V. & Srinavasan, M. 1953. "Unfamiliar food resources—the Agave." Central Food Technological Research Institute. Bulletin. (Mysore, India) 3(6):137-139 (March).

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers [SCAP]. 1945. Unusual materials as foodstuffs in Japan. Natural Resources Section. General Headquarters. iii+19pp. Available from: United States National Archives. Washington, D.C.

Sutton, Stephanie Barry. 1974. In China's border provinces. The turbulent career of Joseph Rock, botanist-explorer. New York, NY: Hastings House.

Swank, George r. 1932. The ethnobotany of the Acoma and Laguna Indians. Master's thesis. Department of Biology. University of New Mexico. Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Swarupanandan, K. 1986. Personal communication. Kerala, India: Kerala Forest Research Institute. July 15.

Swingle, Walter Tennyson. 1935. "Noteworthy Chinese works on wild and cultivated food plants." Report of the Librarian of Congress for the year 1935. Pp. 193-206. Washington, D.C.:

Taira, H. 1962. "Studies in amino acid content in plant seeds. I. Amino acid contained in the seed of Graminae "[sic]. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) 75(888):242-243.

Taira, H. 1962. Studies in amino acaid content in plant seeds. II. Amino acid contained in the seed of Graminae" [sic]. Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) 76(903): 340-341.

Tallentire, A.C. & Goode, Pamela M. 1975. "A preliminary study of food plants of the West Nile and Madi Districts of Uganda. The utilization of leaves and fruits of local and mainly indigenous plants in supplementing the staple foods." East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 49:233-255.

Thieret, John W. 1958. "Economic botany of the cycads." Economic Botany 12:3-4.

Toury, J., Giorgi, R. & Favier, J.C. 1966. "Some food products of high nutritive value which could be produced on a small industrial scale." Annales de Nutrition Alimentaire 20:119-125.

Tubiana, Maria-José & Tubiana, Joseph. 1977. The Zaghawa from an ecological perspective. Food gathering, the pastoral system, tradition and development of the Zaghawa of the Sudan and the Chad. Rotterdam, Nethelands: Balkema

Uphof, J.C.T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants. Lehrer, Netherlands: Verlag von Cremer.

Usher, George. 1974. A dictionary of plants used by man. London, England: Constable.

Van Appeldoorn, Jan. 1981. Perspectives on drought and famine in Nigeria. London, England: George Allen & Unwin.

Van Etten, C.H., Miller, R.W. & Wolf, I.A. 1963. "Amino acid composition of 200 angiospermous plant species." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 11(5):399-410.

Van Etten, C.H., Kwolek, W.F., Peters, J.E. & Barclay, A.S. 1967. "Plant seeds as protein sources for food or feed. Evaluation as based on amino acid composition of 379 species." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 15(6):1077-1089.

Vestal, Paul A. 1952. Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navajo. Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology. Papers. 40(4).

Walker, A.R.P. 1951. "Un aliment de famine: l'écorce de manioc." Revue International de Botanique et d' Agriculture Tropicale 31:542.

Waugh, Frederick Wilkerson. 1916. Iroquois food and food preparation. Canada. Department of Mines. Geological Survey. Memoir No. 86. Anthropological Series No. 12. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Government printing bureau.

Wellcome Tropical Resources Report.1908. "Chemical composition of some Sudan grains. Some Sudan fats and oils." Report of Chemical Laboratory Pp. 408-414.

Whistler, Roy L. & Hymowitz, Theodore. 1979. Guar: agronomy, production, industrial use, and nutrition. West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press.

White, Leslie A. 1944. Notes on ethnobotany of the Keres. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. Vol. 30. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters.

Whiting, Alfred F. 1939. Ethnobotany of the Hopi. Museum of Northern Arizona. Bulletin. No.15. Flagstaff, Arizona: Museum of Northern Arizona.

Wilkes, Garrison. 1977. "Nature crops and wild food plants." Ecologist 7:312-317.

Wilkins, E.G. 1942. "Mango kernels as food." Indian Farming 3:636-637.

Will, Pierre Etienne. 1980. Bureaucratie et famine en Chine au 18e siécle. Paris, France: Mouton.

Will, Pierre Etienne. 1990. Bureaucracy and famine in 18th century China. Translated by Elborg Forster. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

Williams, Robert Orchard. 1949. The useful and ornamental plants in Zanzibar and Pemba. Zanzibar.

Willis, J.C. 1966. A dictionary of the flowering plants and ferns. Seventh edition. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. xxii+1214pp.

Yanovsky, Elias. 1936. Food plants of the North American Indians. United States Department of Agriculture. Miscellaneous Publication. No. 237. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Yoshimura, K. & Sagawa, N. 1918. "The chemical constituents in Cycas revoluta, Thunb. 1. Nippon Kagaku Zasshi [Chemical Society of Japan] 39:1116-1121. Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts13:758-759.

Zinyama, L.M., Matiza, T. & Campbell, D.J. 1990. "The use of wild foods during periods of food shortage in rural Zimbabwe." Ecology of Food and Nutrition 24(4):231-255.