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Bamboo Greenbrier

Smilax pseudo-china L.

Bamboo greenbrier
Figure 12.—Bamboo greenbrier (Smilax pseudo-china)
Other common names.—Bamboo brier, long-stalked greenbrier, American chinaroot, false chinaroot, bullbrier.

Habitat and range.—This plant occurs in dry, sandy thickets from New Jersey to Florida and west to Texas and Nebraska.

Description.—Bamboo greenbrier is a smooth vine with a tuberous rootstock and with the lower part of the stem smooth or sometimes beset with straight, needle-shaped prickles. The leaves, 2 1/2 to 5 1/2 inches long and 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches wide, are egg-shaped or sometimes narrowed at the middle, usually rough on the margin, and somewhat leathery when old. The greenish flowers, 12 to 40 in number, are borne in round clusters on flattened stalks 1 to 3 inches long. These are followed in autumn by one to three seeded black berries up to one-quarter inch in diameter.

Part used.—The root.

Sievers, A.F. 1930. The Herb Hunters Guide. Misc. Publ. No. 77. USDA, Washington DC.
Last update Wednesday, March 16, 1998 by aw