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White Pine

Pinus strobus L.

White pine
Figure 117.—White pine (Pinus strobus)
Other common names.—Northern pine, Weymouth pine, American white pine, American deal pine, soft deal pine, spruce pine.

Habitat and range.—The white pine native in this country occurs in woods from Canada south to Georgia and Iowa.

Description.—This large, handsome evergreen tree is sometimes 200 feet in height, with horizontal branches. The slender pale-green leaves or needles are borne five in a sheath and are from 2 to 5 inches long. The flowers are inconspicuous, and the drooping, cylindrical, cigar-shaped, resinous cones are about 5 inches long and about 1 inch in thickness until in fall when the scales spread out to permit the seeds to fall out. It requires two seasons for the cones to mature.

Part used.—The inner bark.


Sievers, A.F. 1930. The Herb Hunters Guide. Misc. Publ. No. 77. USDA, Washington DC.
Last update Friday, April 3, 1998 by aw