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(1) Chimaphila umbellata (L.) Barton; (2) C. maculata (L.) Pursh.

Figure 84.—Pipsissewa (A, Chimaphila umbellata B, C. maculata)
Synonyms.—(1) Pyrola umbellata L., Chimaphila corymbosa Pursh; (2) P. maculata L.

Other common names.—(1) Common pipsissewa, prince's pine pyrola, rheumatism weed, bitter wintergreen, ground holly, king's-cure, love-in-winter, noble pine, pine tulip; (2) striped pipsissewa, spotted pipsissewa, spotted wintergreen, spotted piperidge, ratsbane, dragon's-tongue.

Habitat and range.—Common pipsissewa is found in dry, shady woods, especially in pine forests, from New Brunswick to British Columbia and south to Georgia, Mexico, and California. Spotted pipsissewa occurs in similar places, but its range extends only to Minnesota and south to Georgia and Mississippi.

Description.—Common pipsissewa is a small herb a foot or less in height with a long, running, partly underground stem and shining, dark-green, evergreen, somewhat leathery leaves, 1 to 2 inches long, rather crowded toward the top of the stem. From about June to August its handsome, waxy-white or pinkish fragrant flowers are borne in nodding clusters from the top of the erect stem.

The spotted pipsissewa is readily distinguished from the former by its leaves, which are olive green marked with white along the midrib and veins

Part used.—The leaves and the herb of both species.

Sievers, A.F. 1930. The Herb Hunters Guide. Misc. Publ. No. 77. USDA, Washington DC.
Last update Friday, April 3, 1998 by aw