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Virginia CropMAP

Vegetable Crops

List of vegetable crops that are either currently grown, are recommended alternate crops, are experimental crops, or are not recommended for Virginia.

Listing was compiled and written by:
Greg Welbaum, Horticulture, 306B Saunders Hall, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061. Phone: 540-231-5801; E-mail:
Herman Holt, Eastern Shore Agricultural Research and Extension Center, 33446 research Drive, Painter, VA 23420-2827. Phone: 757-414-0724; Fax: 757-414-0730; E-mail:
Rikki Sterrett, Eastern Shore Agricultural Research and Extension Center, 33446 research Drive, Painter, VA 23420-2827. Phone: 757-414-0724; Fax: 757-414-0730; E-mail:

Traditional - General
Traditional - Coastal Plain
Recommended - General
Recommended - Coastal Plain
Experimental - General
Experimental - Coastal Plain
Not Recommended - General
Not Recommended - Coastal Plain

Traditional - General
Asparagus Well-adapted to VA. Profitable crop for fresh market. Not grown in VA for processing.
Beet Adapted to VA for the fresh market. Limited market demand. Not grown in VA as processing crop.
Broccoli Grown as a fall crop in VA.
Brussels Sprouts Well-adapted to all of VA.
Cabbage Well-adapted to all of VA.
Carrot Adapted to VA, but performs best under cooler conditions.
Cauliflower Well-adapted to all of VA.
Collards Well-adapted to all of VA.
Cucumber Well-adapted to all of VA. Grown both for the fresh market professing into pickles.
Eggplant Adapted to all of VA.
Garlic, Elephant A successful cash crop for VA.
Gourds Well-adapted to VA. Gourds come from more than one plant species. Order seeds of gourds suited to VA conditions. Already limited production in VA, shows great promise as a cash crop. Lagenaria
Kale Well adapted to all of VA.
Melon, Green-fleshed A specialty melon with sweet green-flesh, adapted to VA, but needs light very well drained soils, performs better under hot dry conditions, short shelf-life.
Melon, Honeydew Adapted to VA as long as the proper variety is selected. Yield and quality could be acceptable, but ripeness can be difficult to asses, fruits do not slip as with regular melons, and shorter maturity types are needed. Market demand is limited for local production of this type of melon.
Melon, Muskmelon Well-adapted to all of VA. Largest production area on light sandy soils.
Mustard Well-adapted to all of VA. Mustard greens are produced commercially.
Parsley Well-adapted to all of VA, to both muck and mineral soils. See the herb list as well.
Parsnip Adapted to VA, but performs best under cool conditions.
Pea Well adapted to VA.
Peppers Well-adapted to VA.
Peppers, Specialty Includes the hot and colored peppers for the fresh market. Well-adapted to VA.
Potato Well-adapted to northern VA, but the profitability of large production for the wholesale market is very questionable and not recommended unless you have a buyers agreement in advance, or already have an established market. Small acreage production is feasible for farm markets all throughout the state. The center of potato production in VA has been in northeast and eastcentral VA with one pocket in the southwest.
Pumpkin Well-adapted to VA. A promising cash crop.
Radish Adapted to VA. Limited market.
Rhubarb Adapted to all of VA.
Snap Bean Well-adapted to VA.
Soybean, Vegetable Considerable potential for improving the human diet. cultivars have been developed for the state at Virginia Tech.
Spinach Well-adapted to VA.
Squash Well-adapted to VA.
Sweet Corn Well-adapted to VA. Supersweets not recommended for the earliest plantings.
Sweet Potato Adapted best to southern VA.
Tomato Fresh market tomatoes are well-adapted to VA, and a major commercial crop.
Turnip Adapted to VA, would perform best in cooler regions as a spring or fall crop.
Watermelon Well-adapted to VA. Largest production area is in southeast VA on light sandy soils.
Seedless watermelons Must be produced with pollinator cultivar. Adapted to same conditions as regular watermelon. Often grown from transplants.
Traditional - Coastal Plain
Asparagus Grown for direct market only. Adapted throughout the state.
Bean, Lima Adapted in coastal plain, plant early to avoid flower abortion under high temperature.
Cabbage Adapted throughout the state, spring and fall crop.
Collards Fall and winter production.
Cowpea Not adapted to coastal plain.
Cucumber Adapted throughout the state, grown for fresh market and processed into pickles.
Gourds Adapted to coastal plain, foliar diseases may be a challenge
Kale Fall and winter production.
Melon, Muskmelon Best adapted in coastal plain.
Mustard Fall and winter production.
Pea Adapted to coastal plain, lack of labor precludes production.
Peppers Adapted throughout the state.
Peppers, Specialty Red, Yellow. Sold in small quantities
Potato Well adapted to coastal plain, market window late June-early August.
Pumpkin Adapted to coastal plain.
Snap Bean Adapted to coastal plain, spring and fall commercial crop.
Spinach Fall crop, spring crop, and over-wintered in coastal plain.
Squash Summer types grown commercially in coastal plain.
Sweet Corn Adapted in coastal plain, mostly direct sale.
Sweet Potato Adapted to coastal plain.
Tomato Spring and fall commercial crop.
Watermelon Best adapted to coastal plain.
Artichoke, globe Imperial Star can be grown as an annual from seed if planted in late April.
Bitter Melon Potential specialty crop.
Cabbage, Chinese Well-adapted to the state. Many cultivars and types of Chinese cabbage are available including bok choy, che-foo, michihli, and napa. Napa is also called Japanese cabbage. Likes cooler conditions. Spring or fall production recommended.
Endive Adapted to all of VA.
Gourd, Bottle Potential specialty crop.
Gourd, Fuzzy Potential specialty crop.
Gourd, Luffa A type of gourd (Luffa cylindrica) for which the green mature fruits are processed and form a natural sponge. May be adaptable to VA, particularly in the southern areas, and has potential as a small market niche item.
Melon, Winter Potential specialty crop.
Recommended - Coastal Plain
Seedless watermelons Best adapted to coastal plain.
Amaranth Little information is available on its performance in VA. Select a vegetable type of amaranth for trial. Also called tampala, Chinese spinach, amaranth is really a type of pigweed grown for its edible leaves.
Arrugula Very promising salad herb. Also called Roquette or Rocket salad. The fresh, flavorful greens are sold as a specialty herb or salad green. A cool season crop grown similar to radishes.
Bean, Adzuki Cool season bean for spring or fall production.
Dry Bean Recommended only when a contract is available, production on mineral soils only.
Lima Bean Limited information available.
Chickpea Viable crop in VA when planted in March-April.
Cowpea Limited information is available.
Lettuce (Head and Leaf) Adapted to all of VA, primarily as a spring or fall crop.
Mungbean Potential new legume crop for VA and other southern states.
Onions (Bulb and Green) Green onions are well-adapted to VA, but the profitability of large production for the wholesale market is very questionable and not recommended unless you have a buyers agreement in advance. Bulb onions are not well adapted for much of the state.
Pigeonpea Promising new legume for VA.
Radicchio A gourmet salad green, type of chicory may have potential for the fresh market. Not recommended for summer production unless grown at higher elevations.
Rocket salad see arrugula
Roquette see arrugula
Experimental - Coastal Plain
Broccoli Fall production only.
Cabbage, Chinese Adapted throughout the state - some varieties susceptible to tip burn.
Eggplant Adapted to coastal plain, preferred host of Colorado Potato Beetle.
Endive - Leaf Adapted to coastal plain (fall only).
Lettuce (Head and Leaf) Soil movement in heads reduces quality.
Melon, Green-fleshed Best adapted in coastal plain, currently grown for local sales
Rocket salad Can be grown early spring or late fall.
Turnip Fall and winter production of greens.
Not Recommended
Artichoke, Jerusalem While it can and has been be grown in state, there is no market at present for the tuber, the plant part of commerce. Has great potential for a variety of applications, but VA growers must be assured there is a real market for the harvested product other than as seedstock for new growers. Can become a weed.
Cassava VA's growing season is simply too short to grow this crop.
Celeriac Not suited for VA's growing conditions and season.
Dasheen Also called taro, malanga or eddo. VA's growing season is simply too short to grow this tropical plant grown for its edible corms. Potential specialty crop.
Jicama VA's growing season is simply too short to grow this crop.
Pepino Not suited for VA, breeding needed.
Not Recommended - Coastal Plain
Artichoke, Jerusalem Season too short, winters are too cold.
Bean, Dry Climate too hot to set pods, too humid to dry pods, not adapted.
Beet Adapted to coastal plain but generally grown in home gardens.
Brussels Sprouts Climate is too warm - not adapted to coastal plain.
Carrot Top soil too shallow. Nematodes can be problematic.
Cauliflower Climate is too warm for coastal plain, head formation is erratic
Endive - Root Climate too hot for quality root production.
Garlic, Elephant Not well adapted to coastal plain - disease pressure.
Onions (Bulb and Green) Too humid.
Parsley Market too limited to be economically feasible.
Parsnip Not adapted to coastal plain.
Radicchio Not adapted to coastal plain.
Radish Climate is too hot.
Rhubarb Climate is too hot.