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Parmar, C. and M.K. Kaushal. 1982. Appendix III. In: Wild Fruits. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.


Name and family

Tree characters

Major constituents of the fruits (per cent)

Fruiting season

Fruit quality

Yield

Juice

Moisture

T.S.S.

Acidity

Total sugars

Reducing sugars

Non-reducing sugars

Tannins

Pectin

Vitamin C

(mg per 100 g)

Protein

Total minerals (Ash)

Phosphorus

Potassium

Calcium

Magnesium

Iron

Aegle marmelos Correa (Rutaceae)

Deciduous, small to medium sized tree

-

60.7

-

0.46

8.36

6.21

2.04

0.21

2.52

9.20

5.12

2.663

0.137

0.746

0.188

0.127

0.007

May to June

Fair

62.5 kg.

Aesculus indica Colebr. (Sapindaceae)

Tall, deciduous, spreading tree

-

50.5

-

-

5.58

4.59

0.94

-

-

-

0.338

1.934

0.124

0.733

0.049

0.042

0.008

October to December

Not eaten fresh

60 kg.

(seeds)

Berberis aristata DC. (Berberidaceae)

Erect and spiny shrub

26.6

63.4

18.9

1.07

11.97

11.97

-

0.64

0.37

4.60

2.31

2.052

0.079

0.439

0.065

0.061

0.011

From the middle of May to the end of June

Good

657 g.

Carissa spinarum Linn. (Apocynaceae)

Erect thorny shrub

-

64.0

25.8

1.51

10.80

10.77

0.03

0.42

1.39

1.83

4.09

1.621

0.057

0.504

0.051

0.052

0.007

November to January

Fair

272 g.

Cordia obliqua Willd. (Boraginaceae)

Medium sized deciduous tree

-

74.0

10.2

-

3.55

3.47

0.08

-

4.50

-

2.06

2.132

0.091

1.066

0.062

0.067

0.005

July to August

Poor

52.5 kg.

Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. (Elaeagnaceae)

Deciduous thorny shrub

-

69.4

14.5

1.51

8.34

8.13

0.23

-

-

12.04

4.47

1.045

0.054

0.346

0.049

0.033

0.007

From the middle of July to the middle of August

Good

650 g.

Emblica officinalis Gaertn. (Euphorbiaceae)

Small to medium sized woody deciduous tree

-

70.5

23.8

3.28

5.08

5.08

-

2.73

0.59

1094.53

0.75

2.922

0.027

0.368

0.059

0.248

0.004

December to March

Not eaten fresh

23.5

Ficus Palmata Forsk. (Moraceae)

Moderate sized deciduous tree

45.2

80.5

12.1

0.71

5.98

5.98

-

-

0.20

3.35

1.72

0.924

0.034

0.296

0.071

0.076

0.004

From the second fortnight of June to the first fortnight of July

Excellent

25 kg.

Ficus roxburghii Wall. (Moraceae)

Deciduous woody tree

-

87.1

7.5

-

6.15

6.12

0.03

-

0.48

3.35

0.59

1.068

0.039

0.361

0.039

0.045

0.003

From the first week of June to the end of July

Good

32.4 kg.

Flacourtia sapida Roxb. (Bixaceae)

Tall, deciduous, thorny and dioecious tree

-

62.1

16.5

-

13.92

13.92

-

-

0.64

10.74

0.79

2.761

0.056

0.454

0.068

0.059

0.005

From the middle of May to the last week of June

Good

7.5 kg.

Flagaria indica Andr. (Rosaceae)

Perennial herb having prostrate stems

58.7

77.4

6.2

0.67

3.40

1.78

1.54

-

-

6.29

1.51

1.147

0.077

0.282

0.126

0.121

0.010

April to August

Poor

150 g.

Murraya koenigii (L) Spreng. (Rutaceae)

Small spreading shrub

-

64.9

16.8

-

9.76

9.58

0.17

-

-

13.35

1.97

2.162

0.082

0.811

0.166

0.216

0.007

From the middle of July to the end of August

Fair

480 g.

Myrica nagi Thunb. (Myricaceae)

Medium to large, woody, evergreen and dioecious tree

40.0

80.6

19.5

3.68

12.65

12.65

-

1.05

-

4.12

0.97

0.387

0.007

0.194

0.039

0.013

0.004

From the first week of May to the end of May

Excellent

15.5 kg.