Index | Search | Home | Parmar

Parmar, C. and M.K. Kaushal. 1982. Appendix III. In: Wild Fruits. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.


Name and family

Tree characters

Major constituents of the fruits (per cent)

Fruiting season

Fruit quality

Yield

Juice

Moisture

T.S.S.

Acidity

Total sugars

Reducing sugars

Non-reducing sugars

Tannins

Pectin

Vitamin C

(mg per 100 g)

Protein

Total minerals (Ash)

Phosphorus

Potassium

Calcium

Magnesium

Iron

Opuntia dillenii Haw. (Cactaceae)

Succulent shrub

-

78.5

10.8

6.36

5.41

5.41

-

0.11

0.24

10.38

0.45

0.757

0.025

0.458

0.242

0.288

0.007

November to February

Fair to Good

2.5 kg. Per bush

Phoenix sylvestris Roxb. (Palmae)

Unbranched dioecious tree

-

66.7

18.42

-

18.42

18.38

0.04

-

0.51

9.42

1.12

3.261

0.042

0.549

0.139

0.006

0.007

From the first week of June to the middle of July

Good

7 kg.

Physalis minima Linn. (Solanaceae)

Small, delicate annual

61.4

76.7

12.5

1.84

5.97

3.00

2.81

0.64

0.52

24.45

2.75

1.216

0.108

0.613

0.024

0.056

0.006

From the middle of August to the end of November

Good

545 g.

Prunus armeniaca Linn. (Amygdalaceae)

Deciduous spreading tree

-

58.5

17.2

1.34

6.30

6.25

0.05

-

2.52

9.95

0.67

2.452

0.083

0.996

0.042

0.033

0.010

From the middle of May to the first week of June

Fair to Good

47.5 kg.

Prunus persica Batsch. (Amygdalaceae)

Medium sized deciduous tree

-

68.2

16.1

1.72

5.20

2.40

2.66

-

-

2.30

2.00

1.634

0.057

0.566

0.038

0.034

0.009

From the first to the last week of October

Fair to Good

36.5 kg.

Punica granatum Linn. (Punicaceae)

Erect, deciduous spreading shrub or tree

64.8

69.5

15.5

5.53

10.01

8.87

1.08

9.33 (in rind)

0.06

36.62

2.57

1.491

0.104

0.473

0.031

0.132

0.005

August and September

Fair to Good

32.4 kg.

Pyrus pashia Buch. And Ham. (Rosaceae)

Tall, thorny open headed tree

-

62.0

31.0

0.97

6.85

6.79

0.04

0.42

0.38

1.22

3.68

0.988

0.026

0.475

0.061

0.027

0.006

From the first week of November to the end of December

Poor

45.5 kg.

Pyrus serotina Rehd. (Rosaceae)

Medium sized deciduous tree

-

72.5

19.0

1.41

4.88

4.88

-

0.32

0.92

0.61

3.16

0.884

0.014

0.271

0.027

0.017

0.005

From the first to last week of October

Fair to Good

83.0 kg.

Rubus ellipticus Smith (Rosaceae)

Evergreen prickly shrub

64.0

83.5

16.6

1.47

10.93

9.57

1.33

0.21

0.49

4.54

1.06

0.527

0.046

0.153

0.046

0.051

0.003

From the second week of May to the middle of June

Excellent

754 g.

Rubus niveus Thunb. (Rosaceae)

Deciduous prickly shrub

58.5

83.1

11.30

2.01

7.81

7.81

-

-

-

3.79

1.35

0.769

0.04

0.137

0.058

0.068

0.007

From the middle of June to the end of July

Excellent

657 g.

Vitis himalayana Br. (Vitaceae)

Deciduous climbing vine

49.8

75.7

18.00

1.27

8.60

6.69

1.82

-

-

12.19

2.86

0.437

0.071

0.413

0.122

0.099

0.007

From the middle of October to the middle of November

Fair

750 g.

Vitis lanata Roxb. (Vitaceae)

Large woody climber

51.6

72.7

16.8

2.38

13.02

11.92

1.04

-

-

2.09

1.03

2.211

0.043

0.419

0.131

0.092

0.005

From July to the middle of August

Good

18.5 kg.

Zizyphus jujuba Mill. (Rhamnaceae)

Small spinous tree or bush

-

68.0

-

3.92

8.68

6.73

1.85

1.32

1.72

2.57

2.56

1.381

0.069

0.583

0.083

0.065

0.006

From the first week of December to the end of December

Inferior

9.5 kg.