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Table 2. Worldwide scab-resistant apple releases 1970-1990. All releases contain Vf resistance derived from M. floribunda 821 except were noted.

Country of origin

Cultivar name

Year of release

Pedigree

Reference

Brazil

Primicia

1988

(PRI 1986-201 x PRI 1983)

Denardi et al. 1988

Canada

Nova Easygroa

1971

('Spartan' x PRI 565)

Crowe 1971

 

Macfree

1974

('McIntosh' x PRI 48-177)

Spangelo et al. 19774

 

Moira

1978

('McIntosh' x PRI 47-77)

Heeney 1981

 

Trent

1978

(Mclntosh'x PRI 48-173)

Heeney 1981

 

Britegold

1978

('Sandel' x O-522 ['Red Melba Platts' x PRI 11-151])

Heeney 1981

 

Murrayb

1978

('McIntosh' x 52-05-26 ['Red Melba Platts' x PRI 69-52])

Heeney 1981

 

Novamac

1978

('Mclntosh'x PRI 1018-3)

Crowe 1978

 

Rouvillec

1983

([{'Red Melba Platts'x ['Wolf River' x M. atrosanguinea 804]} x 'McIntosh')

Rouselle 1983

 

Richelieu

1983

(O-521['Melba' x PRI 11-511] x O-541 ['McIntosh' x PRI 47-77])

Rouselle 1983

 

Nova Spy

1986

('Nova Easygro' x NY 44411-1 ['RedSpy' x 'Golden Delicious'])

Crowe 1986

Czechoslovakia

Jolana

1985

('Spartan' x PRI 370-15)

J. Blazek pers. comm.

 

Melodied

1989

(Sampion' x PRI 370-15)

J. Blazek pers. comm.

 

Imuna

1990

('Jolana' x 'Early Red Bird')

J. Blazek pers. comm.

 

Karmina

1990

('Karmen' x UEB 1725/6 [PRI 370-15 x 'Spartan'])

J. Blazek pers. comm.

 

Katka

1990

('Jolana' x 'Rubin')

J. Blazek pers. comm.

 

Rosana

1990

('Jolana' x 'Lord Lambourne')

J. Blazek pers. comm.

 

Selena

1990

('Britemac' x 'Prima')

J. Blazek pers. comm.

 

Vanda

1990

('Jolana' x 'Lord Lambourne')

J. Blazek pers. comm.

England

Gavine

1977

('Merton Worcester' x D920-9)

F. Alston pers. comm.

France

Priam

1974

(PRI 370-16)

DeCourtye et al. 1974

 

Florina Querina

1977

('Jonathan' x PRI 612-1)

Lespinasse et al. 1985

 

Judeline

1986

('Golden Delicious' x 'Priam')

Lespinasse 1989

 

Judaine

1986

('Reinette du Mans' x 'Priam')

Lespinasse 1989

 

Baujade

1989

('Granny Smith' x P5R42-52 (PRI 672-3 x 'Reinette du Mans'])

Lespinasse 1989

Poland

Primulaf

1974

(PRI 1255-100)

A. Czynczyk pers. comm.

 

Witos

?

('Fantazia' x 'Primula')

A. Reiman pers. comm.

Romania

Generosg

1972

('Frumos de Voinesti' x [{'Golden Pearmain' x M. kaido} x 'Jonathan'])

L. Serboiu, pers. comm.

 

Pionier

1983

(55-109-149 Voinesti x 'Prima')

L. Serboiu, pers. comm.

 

Romus 1

1984

?

L. Serboiu, pers. comm.

 

Romus 2h

1984

?

L. Serboiu, pers. comm.

 

Romus 3

1984

?

L. Serboiu, pers. comm.

 

Voinea

1985

(Trumos de Voinesti' x 'Prima')

L. Serboiu, pers. comm.

U.S.S.R.

Imrusi

1989

('Antonovka' x PRI 240-57)

Sedov et al. 1989

 

Chistotelj

1989

('Antonovka' x SR0523)

Sedov et al. 1989

 

Orlovimk

1990

('Antonovka' x SR0523)

Sedov et al. 1989

 

Orlovski Pionerl

1989

('Antonovka Krasnobochka' x SR0523)

Sedov et al. 1989

 

Pervinkam

1990

('Antonovka Krasnobochka' x SR0523)

Sedov et al. 1989

U.S.A.: New York Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva

 

Liberty

1979

(PRI 54-12 x 'Macoun')

Lamb 1979

 

Freedomn

1985

(NY 18492 ['Macoun' x Antonovka] x NY 49821-46 ['Golden Delicious' x PRI F226829-2-2))

Lamb et al. 1985

U.S.A.: PRI (Purdue University, Rutgers University, University of Illinois)

 

Prima

1970

(PRI 14-64 x N.J. 123249)

Dayton et al. 1970

 

Priscilla

1972

('Starking Delicious' x PRI 610-2)

Williams et al. 1972

 

Sir Prize

1975

(tetraploid 'Golden Delicious' x PRI 14-152)

Williams et al. 1975

 

Jonafree

1978

(PRI 855-102 x N.J. 31)

Dayton et al. 1978

 

Redfree

1980

('Raritan' x PRI 1018-101)

Williams et al. 1980

 

Dayton

1988

(N.J. 123249 x PRI 1235-100)

Korban et al. 1988

 

Williams' Pride

1988

(PRI 1010-101 x N.J. 50)

Janick et al. 1988

 

McShay

1988

('McIntosh x PRI 6124)

Mehlenbacher et al. 1988

aContains Vr scab-resistance from Russian seedling R#12740-7A.

bContains scab-resistance from M. micromalus; unknown susceptibility to Race 5.

cContains Vm scab-resistance from M. atrosanguinea 804; susceptible to Race 5.

dIncompletely resistant; may carry Vf at reaction class 3 level or only a high level of polygenic resistance.

eThe observation of a high percentage of scabby fruit in The Netherlands in 1985 (Van der Scheer 1988) suggests that 'Gavin' only contains a high level of polygenic resistance and not Vf.

fReports of minor scab infection on 'Primula' in Poland (A. Rejman pers. comm.) are consistent with a class 3 reaction in greenhouse inoculations. However, reports in Moldavia, U.S.S.R. indicate scab susceptibility; yet 'Primula' produced some progeny with high levels of field resistance. It is unclear to us if 'Primula' contains the Vf gene.

gSignificant scab infection observed; carries a high level of polygenic resistance only.

hScab infection observed (L. F. Hough and Y. Lespinasse pers. comm.); it may have only polygenic quantitative resistance or Vf at reaction class 3 level.

iContains Vf resistance from Malus astrosanguinea 804.

j,k,l,mContains Vm resistance from Malus astrosanguinea 804. Susceptible to Race 5 of Venturia inaequalis (Cke.) Wint.

nContains Vf resistance as well as polygenic resistance from 'Antonovka.'

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