Table of Contents
Potter Gates, J. 1996. New literature for new crops. p. 151-154. In: J.
Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA.
New Literature for New Crops
Jane Potter Gates
- LIBRARIES, CENTERS, AND SERVICES
- AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
- AGRIS International
- CAB Abstracts
- U.K. Centre for Economic Botany Bibliographic Database
- NEW CROP MONOGRAPHS 1980-1995
The United States government has long recognized the importance of agriculture
in keeping people well-fed, well-clothed, and well-housed, as well as
acknowledging the role of science in helping to achieve and sustain those
conditions through exploration and research. In the pursuit of new crops, the
importance of bibliographic information in the success of such exploration and
research cannot be over-emphasized. Since 1862, the U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA), through the National Agricultural Library (NAL), has
collected, compiled, and disseminated information relevant to that mission.
The National Agricultural Library (NAL), part of the USDA's Agricultural
Research Service (ARS), is the largest agricultural library in the world. NAL
has 10 subject specific information centers that provide customized services to
the agricultural community and others. All of the Centers can be accessed
electronically through the NAL gopher and the NAL homepage (see addresses
below). The Centers include: Agricultural Trade and Marketing, Alternative
Farming Systems, Animal Welfare, Aquaculture, Biotechnology, Food and
Nutrition, Plant Genome Database. Rural Technology Transfer, and Water
Established even earlier than the NAL, the U.K.'s Centre for Economic Botany
was originally conceived by Sir William J. Hooker, in 1847, to "render great
service, not only to the scientific botanist, but to the merchant, the
manufacturer, the physician, the chemist, the druggist, the dyer, the
carpenter, and the cabinet maker and artisans of every description, who might
here find the raw materials employed in their several professions correctly
named." Dr. James Morley, Director of the Centre, states that "almost 150
years later the significance of this statement is more apparent than ever,
given increasing awareness of the importance of plants as sources of useful raw
materials." The Centre houses more than 75,000 botanical artifacts.
Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA) is a national
sustainable agriculture information service designed to be used by commercial
farmers. ATTRA also offers technical assistance and sustainable agriculture
information free of charge to Extension agents, agricultural support groups,
researchers, educators, and agribusinesses. In addition to providing
customized research, ATTRA offers three types of standard materials:
"Information Packages, Summaries, and Resource Lists." Located in
Fayetteville, Arkansas, ATTRA can be reached by phone: 1-800-346-9140.
This resource of the National Agricultural Library is a bibliographic database
consisting of literature citations for journal articles, monographs, serials,
theses, patents, proceedings, audiovisual materials, software, computer files,
and technical reports relating to all aspects of agriculture since 1965.
Librarians and experienced information specialists at the NAL will perform
searches of AGRICOLA upon request. There is no charge for this service unless
the search requires more than one hour, in which case there is a cost-recovery
fee. Many people prefer to do their own searching, either online or through
use of AGRICOLA on diskette. AGRICOLA is available for search and retrieval
through commercial vendors. (Some commercial vendors: Knight-Ridder, 2440-El
Camino Real, Mountain View, CA 94040; OCLC/EPIC, 6565 Frantz Road, Dublin, OH
43017; Silver Platter, 100 River Ridge Drive, Norwood, MA 02062).
Citations in AGRICOLA include selected journal articles. NAL receives over
25,000 journals, and 1,410 titles are indexed into the database. Some titles
are indexed comprehensively, some selectively, and both categories include some
foreign language publications. The List of Journals Indexed in
AGRICOLA 1995 is available from NAL in hardcopy, and electronically on both
NAL's gopher (gopher.nal.usda.gov) and its worldwide web homepage
In addition to AGRICOLA, other databases available through commercial vendors
are important sources of information on new crops. Countries other than the
U.S. are covered more comprehensively in the database AGRIS International,
which corresponds in part to AgrIndex, published monthly by the Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. The Agris International
database serves as a comprehensive inventory of worldwide agricultural
literature that reflects research results, food production, and rural
development. Subject coverage focuses on many topics.
CAB Abstracts is a comprehensive file of agricultural and biological
information and contains all records in the 26 main abstract journals published
by CAB International. Over 8,500 journals in 37 different languages are
scanned for inclusion, as well as books, reports, theses, conference
proceedings, patents, annual reports, and guides. Significant papers are
abstracted, while less important works are reported with bibliographic details
only. The journals included in CAB cover all aspects of agriculture and animal
The best source for information about current USDA research is the Current
Research Information Service (CRIS) database. It is available electronically:
TropAg database covers literature related to practical aspects of agriculture
in tropical and subtropical regions from 1975.
The Centre Economic Botany Bibliographic Database contains over 150,000
literature references, covering the uses of plants from around the world
(excluding major crop species), with references dating back to the mid-19th
Century. It provides access to detailed information--by species, vernacular
names, geographical area, uses and/or properties, materials (timber, fibre,
textiles, paper, oils, waxes, cosmetics, etc.), medicines, and fuels. The
Database, only one activity of the Centre, is unfortunately not available on
disk. However, Dr. J. Morley will discuss the Centre's fee policy and
following mutual agreement as to terms will run a search on a particular
species, use, country, or any combination thereof. Contact:
All of the resources listed above are sources of information about agriculture,
including new crops. Recent information on new crops also include a number of
monographs in the NAL collection that have been published since 1980. These
are listed below (NAL call numbers listed in brackets).
Anthony, K.R.M., J. Meadley, and G.Robbelen. 1993. New crops for temperate
regions. 1st ed. Chapman & Hall, London, New York. [SB160.N49-1993]
- Arkel, H. 1982? The identification and introduction of a new crop in the
highlands of Kenya. v. 1. Wageningen, The Netherlands. [SB187.K4A6]
- Beech, D. and F. Brisbane. 1992. Crop economics: a program for assessing the
economic viability of new crops.: CSIRO Division of Tropical Crops and
- Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. 1984. Development of new
crops: needs, procedures, strategies, and options. Ames, IA. [S22.C6-no.102.
- CSIRO Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures. 1992. Cropsieve: A computer
program to select out potential new crops. St. Lucia, Brisbane.
- Dailey, C. L., K.M. Abotteen, and J.D. Nichols. 1980. Corn/soybean decision
logic: Improvements and new crops. USDA. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, NASA,
Tech. Rep. Houston, TX. [S494.5.R4D353]
- Dary, C. 1991. Traditional women and new crops. (Mujeres tradicionales y nuevos
cultivos.) FLACSO, Guatemala. [HD6073.A292G93-1991]
- Hoyle, F.C. 1992. A review of four potential new crops for Australian
agriculture: Amaranthus caudata, Chenopodium quinoa, Grindelia
camporum and Stevia rebaudiana. Division of Plant Industries, Dept.
of Agriculture, South Perth, W.A., Australia. [SB87.A82W4-1992]
- Janick, J. and J.E. Simon (eds.). 1990. Advances in new crops. Timber Press,
Portland, OR. [SB160.N38-1988]
- Janick, J. and J.E. Simon (eds.). 1993. New crops. Wiley, New York.
- Jessop, R.S., and R.L. Wright. 1991. New crops: agronomy and potential of
alternative crop species. Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
- Karow, R.S. 1990. Cropping alternatives: a questionnaire for evaluating a new
cropping enterprise. Oregon State Univ. Extension Service, Corvallis.
- Karow, R.S., W.R. Rogers, and R. Penhallegon. 1989. Cropping alternatives: A
questionnaire for evaluating a new cropping enterprise. Oregon State Univ.
Extension Service. Corvallis. [100-Or3M-no.838]
- Kontaxis, D.G. 1989. Capers: A new crop for California? Small Farm Center,
Univ. California, Coop. Ext., Davis. [SB306.U6K65-1989]
- Knox, E.G. and A.A. Theisen. 1981. Feasibility of introducing new crops:
Production--marketing--consumption (PMC). Soil and Land Use Tech. Rodale,
Emmans, PA. [SB176.U5F43]
- Kugler, D.E. 1988. Kenaf newsprint: realizing commercialization of a new crop
after four decades of research and development: A report on the Kenaf
Demonstration Project. United States. Cooperative State Research Service.
Special Projects and Program Systems. Washington, DC. [aHD9156.K662U55]
- Naqvi, H.H., A.I. Estilai, and I.P. Ting. 1992. Proceedings New industrial
crops and products. Int. Conference on New Industrial Crops and Products.
Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops. Riverside, CA.
- National Research Council (U.S.). 1985. Jojoba: new crop for arid lands, new
raw material for industry. Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation. Ad Hoc
Panel. Washington, D.C. National Academy Press. [SB299.J6J62]
- North Carolina State Univ. Dept. of Crop Science. 1987. New crops memo. North
Carolina State Univ., Raleigh. [SB187.U6N48]
- Okojie, J.A., D.U.U. Okali. 1993. Lost crops of Nigeria: Implications for food
security: Proc. Seminar Univ. Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, 21st-22nd May
- Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station. 1987. Alfalfa, corn, melons, mint,
small grains and new crop research. Oregon State Univ. Corvallis, OR.
- Russell, J.S. 1992. A global market analysis of FAO data as a guide to
selection of potential new crops for Australia. CSIRO Division of Tropical
Crops and Pastures. Brisbane. [SB193.3.A8T7-no.75]
- Thalacker, B. 1992. Cultivation methods for newly introduced vegetable species.
Anbauverfahren fur Neu Eingefuhrte Gemusearten. Institut fur Gemuse und
Zierpflanzenbau Grossbeeren Erfurt. Braunschweig. [SB323.A52-1992]
- Tisdell, C.A. 1988. Diversification and stability implications of new crop
varieties: Theoretical and empirical evidence. Dept. of Economics, Univ.
Newcastle, Resource and Development Group. N.S.W., Australia.
- United States. Dept. of Agriculture. 1992? New crops, new uses, new markets:
industrial and commercial products from U.S. agriculture. Industrial and
commercial products from U.S. agriculture. Office of Publishing and Visual
Communication. Washington, DC. [1-Ag84Y-1992]
- Univ. Missouri. Agricultural Experiment Station. 1990. Economic development via
new crops/products from agriculture. Report of seminar on agricultural
marketing and policy, College of Agriculture and Extension Division Univ.
Missouri, Columbia. [100-M693Sp-no.422]
- Vienna, A. Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service. 1989. Alternative crops for
Nebraska. (1st ed.). Plant domestication by induced mutation. Proc. Advisory
Group Meeting on the Possible Use of Mutation Breeding for Rapid Domestication
of New Crop Plants.Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Agriculture and
Natural Resources, Univ. Nebraska-Lincoln, Int. Atomic Energy Agency.
- Wickens, G.E., N. Haq, and P. Day. 1989. New crops for food and industry.
Chapman and Hall, London. [SB91.N48]
- Zuang, H. 1991. Agenda for new vegetable species. (Memento nouvelles especes
legumieres.) Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Fruits et Legumes, Paris.
Last update June 4, 1997