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HORT410 - Vegetable Crops

Brussels Sprouts - Notes

  • Common name: Brussels sprouts.
  • Latin name:Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera.
  • Family: Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) [Brassicaceae Images].
  • Dicotyledon.
  • Biennial.
  • Cool season, cold hardy.
  • Harvested organ: vegetative, axillary buds (or sprouts).
  • Directed seeded or transplanted.
  • Temperature optimum: 10 to 20 C.
  • Machine or hand-harvested.
  • Grown for both fresh and frozen markets.
  • Major diseases of cole crops in the Midwest:
      Alternaria leaf spot
      black leg
      black rot
      club root
      downy mildew
      Fusarium yellows
  • Major insect pests of cole crops in the Midwest: (see: ID-56: Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 2003 - Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, and Brussels Sprouts (PURDUE) [pdf] for information on brussels sprouts varieties, spacing, fertilizing, harvesting, and specific disease, weed and insect control recommendations for Brussels sprouts)

  • U.S. commercial production limited to California and New York.
  • In 1997, Brussels sprouts were harvested from 4,200 acres in CA, with a total production of 630,000 cwt, and a total value of $26,800,000.
  • Yield per acre of Brussels sprouts in CA in 1997: 150 cwt/acre.

    Sources of information:

  • Eastman, C., Mahr, S., Wyman, J., Hoy, C., Oloumi-Sadeghi, H. Cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. In "Vegetable Insect Management With Emphasis on the Midwest", (ed. R. Foster, B. Flood), Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio, pp. 99 - 112 (1995).
  • Nonnecke, I.L. "Vegetable Production", Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY (1989).
  • Phillips, R., Rix, M. "The Random House Book of Vegetables", Random House, NY (1993).
  • Maynard, D.N. Brussels sprouts. In "The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia", Version 1.5, Grolier, Inc. (1992).
  • Ockendon, D.J., Smith, B.M. Brussels sprouts, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera DC. In "Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops", (ed. G. Kalloo, B.O. Bergh), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 87-112 (1993).
  • Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, ID-56, eds. R. Foster, D. Egel, E. Maynard, R. Weinzierl, H. Taber, L.W. Jett, B. Hutchinson, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, 2003.
  • Kadam, S.S., Shinde, K.G. Other crucifers. In "Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage, and Processing", (ed. D.K. Salunkhe, S.S. Kadam), Marcel Dekker, Inc., NY, pp. 359 - 371 (1998).

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  • David Rhodes
    Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture
    Horticulture Building
    625 Agriculture Mall Drive
    Purdue University
    West Lafayette, IN 47907-2010
    Last Update: 04/06/10