HORT410 - Vegetable Crops
Garden Peas - Notes
Common name: English pea, garden pea, or green pea.
Latin name: Pisum sativum L.
Family name: Leguminosae (Fabaceae) [Fabaceae Images]
Diploid (2n = 14).
Grown as early as the stone age.
Garden pea history (TAMU).
Harvested organ: mature or immature seeds and/or young, tender pods. Grown either for the fresh market or processed for canning or freezing.
Edible-podded peas sometimes referred to as a separate variety (P. sativum var. macrocarpum) [e.g. snow and snap peas].
The field pea, P. sativum var. arvense, is grown for drying, green manure and as a forage crop.
Cool season: temperatures of 5 - 25 C tolerated.
Varieties differ for maturity (60 - 75 days), pod and seed color (light and dark green), plant height [tall (indeterminate) and short
(determinate)], wrinkled (sweet) or smooth (starchy) seed surface.
Gregor Mendel conducted experiments with pea plants, including analysis of the inheritance of traits such as wrinkled and smooth seed, led to the science of genetics.
Major diseases of pea in the Midwest:
Major insect pests of pea in the Midwest:
alfalfa caterpillars (contaminant)
stink bugs (contaminant)
ground beetles (contaminant)
pea aphids (virus vectors)
(see: ID-56: Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 2003 - Pea and Cowpea (PURDUE) [pdf] for information on pea varieties, spacing, seeding, fertilizing, and specific pea disease, weed and insect control recommendations for the Midwest)
Sources of information:
Hutchinson, B., Klacan, G., Cranshaw, W. Green peas. In "Vegetable Insect Management With Emphasis on the Midwest", (ed. R. Foster, B. Flood), Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio, pp. 55-62 (1995).
Nonnecke, I.L. "Vegetable Production", Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY (1989).
Phillips, R., Rix, M. "The Random House Book of Vegetables", Random House, NY (1993).
Lorenz, O.A. Pea. In "The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia", Version 1.5, Grolier, Inc. (1992).
Kalloo, G. Pea, Pisum sativum L. In "Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops", (ed. G. Kalloo, B.O. Bergh), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 409-425 (1993).
Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, ID-56, eds. R. Foster, D. Egel, E. Maynard, R. Weinzierl, H. Taber, L.W. Jett, B. Hutchinson, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, 2003.
Deshpande, S.S., Adsule, R.N. Garden pea. In "Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage, and Processing", (ed. D.K. Salunkhe, S.S. Kadam), Marcel Dekker, Inc., NY, pp. 433-456 (1998).