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HORT410 - Vegetable Crops

Garden Peas - Notes

Image of Pea, by Patrick J. Rich

  • Common name: English pea, garden pea, or green pea.
  • Latin name: Pisum sativum L.
  • Family name: Leguminosae (Fabaceae) [Fabaceae Images]
  • Diploid (2n = 14).
  • Dicotyledon.
  • Origin: Europe/Eurasia.
  • Grown as early as the stone age.
  • Garden pea history (TAMU).
  • Harvested organ: mature or immature seeds and/or young, tender pods. Grown either for the fresh market or processed for canning or freezing.
  • Edible-podded peas sometimes referred to as a separate variety (P. sativum var. macrocarpum) [e.g. snow and snap peas].
  • The field pea, P. sativum var. arvense, is grown for drying, green manure and as a forage crop.
  • Cool season: temperatures of 5 - 25 C tolerated.
  • Annual.
  • Varieties differ for maturity (60 - 75 days), pod and seed color (light and dark green), plant height [tall (indeterminate) and short (determinate)], wrinkled (sweet) or smooth (starchy) seed surface.
  • Gregor Mendel conducted experiments with pea plants, including analysis of the inheritance of traits such as wrinkled and smooth seed, led to the science of genetics.
  • Direct seeded.
  • Major diseases of pea in the Midwest:
  • Major insect pests of pea in the Midwest:
      loopers (contaminant)
      alfalfa caterpillars (contaminant)
      stink bugs (contaminant)
      ground beetles (contaminant)
      pea aphids (virus vectors)

    (see: ID-56: Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 2003 - Pea and Cowpea (PURDUE) [pdf] for information on pea varieties, spacing, seeding, fertilizing, and specific pea disease, weed and insect control recommendations for the Midwest)

    Sources of information:

  • Hutchinson, B., Klacan, G., Cranshaw, W. Green peas. In "Vegetable Insect Management With Emphasis on the Midwest", (ed. R. Foster, B. Flood), Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio, pp. 55-62 (1995).
  • Nonnecke, I.L. "Vegetable Production", Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY (1989).
  • Phillips, R., Rix, M. "The Random House Book of Vegetables", Random House, NY (1993).
  • Lorenz, O.A. Pea. In "The Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia", Version 1.5, Grolier, Inc. (1992).
  • Kalloo, G. Pea, Pisum sativum L. In "Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops", (ed. G. Kalloo, B.O. Bergh), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 409-425 (1993).
  • Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers, ID-56, eds. R. Foster, D. Egel, E. Maynard, R. Weinzierl, H. Taber, L.W. Jett, B. Hutchinson, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, 2003.
  • Deshpande, S.S., Adsule, R.N. Garden pea. In "Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage, and Processing", (ed. D.K. Salunkhe, S.S. Kadam), Marcel Dekker, Inc., NY, pp. 433-456 (1998).

    www www.hort.purdue.edu
  • David Rhodes
    Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture
    Horticulture Building
    625 Agriculture Mall Drive
    Purdue University
    West Lafayette, IN 47907-2010
    Last Update: 01/21/09