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N Use By Plants
Nitrate Assimilation
Ammonia Assimilation
Glu, Gln, Asn, Gly, Ser
Aminotransferases
Asp, Ala, GABA
Val, Leu, Ileu, Thr, Lys
Pro, Arg, Orn
Polyamines
Non-protein AAs
Alkaloids
Sulfate Assimilation
Cys, Met, AdoMet, ACC
His, Phe, Tyr, Tryp
Secondary Products
Onium Compounds
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Simulation
References
HORT640 - Metabolic Plant Physiology

References, salicylic

Abe H, Ohnishi J, Narusaka M, Seo S, Narusaka Y, Tsuda S, Kobayashi M. Function of jasmonate in response and tolerance of Arabidopsis to thrip feeding. Plant Cell Physiol. 49: 68-80 (2008).

Abebe T, Skadsen RW, Kaeppler HF. A proximal upstream sequence controls tissue-specific expression of Lem2, a salicylate-inducible barley lectin-like gene. Planta 221: 170-183 (2005).

Able AJ, Guest DI, Sutherland MW. Hydrogen peroxide yields during the incompatible interaction of tobacco suspension cells inoculated with Phytophthora nicotianae. Plant Physiol. 124: 899-910 (2000).

Abreu ME, Munne-Bosch S. Salicylic acid deficiency in NahG transgenic lines and sid2 mutants increases seed yield in the annual plant Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 1261-1271 (2009).

Abuqamar S, Chen X, Dhawan R, Bluhm B, Salmeron J, Lam S, Dietrich RA, Mengiste T. Expression profiling and mutant analysis reveals complex regulatory networks involved in Arabidopsis response to Botrytis infection. Plant J. 48: 28-44 (2006).

Acharya BR, Assmann SM. Hormone interactions in stomatal function. Plant Mol. Biol. 69: 451-462 (2009).

Acharya BR, Raina S, Maqbool SB, Jagadeeswaran G, Mosher SL, Appel HM, Schultz JC, Klessig DF, Raina R. Overexpression of CRK13, an Arabidopsis cysteine-rich receptor-like kinase, results in enhanced resistance to Pseudomonas syringae. Plant J. 50: 488-499 (2007).

Adie BA, Perez-Perez J, Perez-Perez MM, Godoy M, Sanchez-Serrano JJ, Schmelz EA, Solano R. ABA is an essential signal for plant resistance to pathogens affecting JA biosynthesis and the activation of defenses in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 19: 1665-1681 (2007).

Agarwal S, Sairam RK, Srivastava GC, Tyagi A, Meena RC. Role of ABA, salicylic acid, calcium and hydrogen peroxide on antioxidant enzymes induction in wheat seedlings. Plant Sci. 169: 559-570 (2005).

Ahlfors R, Brosche M, Kollist H, Kangasjarvi J. Nitric oxide modulates ozone-induced cell death, hormone biosynthesis and gene expression in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. Nov 28 [Epub ahead of print] (2008).

Ahlfors R, Macioszek V, Rudd J, Brosche M, Schlichting R, Scheel D, Kangasjarvi J. Stress hormone-independent activation and nuclear translocation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in Arabidopsis thaliana during ozone exposure. Plant J. 40: 512-522 (2004).

Ahn CS, Lee JH, Reum Hwang A, Kim WT, Pai HS. Prohibitin is involved in mitochondrial biogenesis in plants. Plant J. 46: 658-667 (2006).

Ahn IP, Kim S, Lee YH. Vitamin B1 functions as an activator of plant disease resistance. Plant Physiol. 138: 1505-1515 (2005).

Ahsan N, Yoon HS, Jo J. Molecular cloning of a BcPGIP cDNA from Brassica campestris and its expression to several stresses. Plant Sci. 169: 1081-1089 (2005).

Aksamit A, Korobczak A, Skala J, Lukaszewicz M, Szopa J. The 14-3-3 gene expression specificity in response to stress is promoter dependent. Plant Cell Physiol. 46: 1635-1645 (2005).

Alamillo JM, Saenz P, Garcia JA. Salicylic acid-mediated and RNA-silencing defense mechanisms cooperate in the restriction of systemic spread of plum pox virus in tobacco. Plant J. 48: 217-227 (2006).

Alex D, Bach TJ, Chye ML. Expression of Brassica juncea 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA synthase is developmentally regulated and stress-responsive. Plant J. 22: 415-426 (2000).

Ali GS, Reddy VS, Lindgren PB, Jakobek JL, Reddy AS. Differential expression of genes encoding calmodulin-binding proteins in response to bacterial pathogens and inducers of defense responses. Plant Mol. Biol. 51: 803-815 (2003).

Almagro L, Gomez Ros LV, Belchi-Navarro S, Bru R, Ros Barcelo A, Pedreno MA. Class III peroxidases in plant defence reactions. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 377-390 (2009).

Alvarez ME. Salicylic acid in the machinery of hypersensitive cell death and disease resistance. Plant Mol. Biol. 44: 429-442 (2000).

Ament K, Kant MR, Sabelis MW, Haring MA, Schuurink RC. Jasmonic acid is a key regulator of spider mite-induced volatile terpenoid and methyl salicylate emission in tomato. Plant Physiol. 135: 2025-2037 (2004).

Ament K, Van Schie CC, Bouwmeester HJ, Haring MA, Schuurink RC. Induction of a leaf specific geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase and emission of (E,E)-4,8,12-trimethyltrideca-1,3,7,11-tetraene in tomato are dependent on both jasmonic acid and salicylic acid signaling pathways. Planta 224: 1197-1208 (2006).

Ando S, Sakai S. Isolation of an ethylene-responsive gene (ERAF16) for a putative methyltransferase and correlation of ERAF16 gene expression with female flower formation in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus). Physiol. Plant. 116: 213-222 (2002).

Asai T, Stone JM, Heard JE, Kovtun Y, Yorgey P, Sheen J, Ausubel FM. Fumonisin B1-induced cell death in Arabidopsis protoplasts requires jasmonate-, ethylene-, and salicylate-dependent signaling pathways. Plant Cell 12: 1823-1836 (2000).

Asano T, Masuda D, Yasuda M, Nakashita H, Kudo T, Kimura M, Yamaguchi K, Nishiuchi T. AtNFXL1, an Arabidopsis homologue of the human transcription factor NF-X1, functions as a negative regulator of the trichothecene phytotoxin-induced defense response. Plant J. 53: 450-464 (2008).

Ascencio-Ibanez JT, Sozzani R, Lee TJ, Chu TM, Wolfinger RD, Cella R, Hanley-Bowdoin L. Global analysis of Arabidopsis gene expression uncovers a complex array of changes impacting pathogen response and cell cycle during geminivirus infection. Plant Physiol. 148: 436-454 (2008).

Attaran E, Zeier TE, Griebel T, Zeier J. Methyl salicylate production and jasmonate signaling are not essential for systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 21: 954-971 (2009).

Attieh J, Kleppinger-Sparace KF, Nunes C, Sparace SA, Saini HS. Evidence implicating a novel thiol methyltransferase in the detoxification of glucosinolate hydrolysis products in Brassica oleracea L. Plant Cell Environ. 23: 165-174 (2000).

Audenaert K, De Meyer GB, Hofte MM. Abscisic acid determines basal susceptibility of tomato to Botrytis cinerea and suppresses salicylic acid-dependent signaling mechanisms. Plant Physiol. 128: 491-501 (2002).

Baier M, Kandlbinder A, Golldack D, Dietz KJ. Oxidative stress and ozone: perception, signalling and response. Plant Cell Environ. 28: 1012-1020 (2005).

Bajda A, Konopka-Postupolska D, Krzymowska M, Hennig J, Skorupinska-Tudek K, Surmacz L, Wojcik J, Matysiak Z, Chojnacki T, Skorzynska-Polit E, Drazkiewicz M, Patrzylas P, Tomaszewska M, Kania M, Swist M, Danikiewicz W, Piotrowska W, Swiezewska E. Role of polyisoprenoids in tobacco resistance against biotic stresses. Physiol. Plant. 135: 351-64 (2009).

Balandin T, Castresana C. AtCOX17, an Arabidopsis homolog of the yeast copper chaperone COX17. Plant Physiol. 129: 1852-1857 (2002).

Banu MN, Hoque MA, Watanabe-Sugimoto M, Matsuoka K, Nakamura Y, Shimoishi Y, Murata Y. Proline and glycinebetaine induce antioxidant defense gene expression and suppress cell death in cultured tobacco cells under salt stress. J. Plant Physiol. 166: 146-156 (2009).

Bari R, Jones JD. Role of plant hormones in plant defence responses. Plant Mol. Biol. 69: 473-488 (2009).

Barkman TJ, Martins TR, Sutton E, Stout JT. Positive selection for single amino acid change promotes substrate discrimination of a plant volatile-producing enzyme. Mol. Biol. Evol. 24: 1320-1329 (2007).

Barth C, De Tullio M, Conklin PL. The role of ascorbic acid in the control of flowering time and the onset of senescence. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 1657-1665 (2006).

Barth C, Moeder W, Klessig DF, Conklin PL. The timing of senescence and response to pathogens is altered in the ascorbate-deficient Arabidopsis mutant vitamin c-1. Plant Physiol. 134: 1784-1792 (2004).

Bartsch M, Gobbato E, Bednarek P, Debey S, Schultze JL, Bautor J, Parker JE. Salicylic acid-independent ENHANCED DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY1 signaling in Arabidopsis immunity and cell death is regulated by the monooxygenase FMO1 and the Nudix hydrolase NUDT7. Plant Cell 18: 1038-1051 (2006).

Baudouin E, Charpenteau M, Ranjeva R, Ranty B. A 45-kDa protein kinase related to mitogen-activated protein kinase is activated in tobacco cells treated with a phorbol ester. Planta 214: 400-405 (2002).

Bechtold U, Karpinski S, Mullineaux PM. The influence of the light environment and photosynthesis on oxidative signalling responses in plant-biotrophic pathogen interactions. Plant Cell Environ. 28: 1046-1055 (2005).

Beguiristain T, Grandbastien MA, Puigdomenech P, Casacuberta JM. Three Tnt1 subfamilies show different stress-associated patterns of expression in tobacco. Consequences for retrotransposon control and evolution in plants. Plant Physiol. 127: 212-221 (2001).

Belles JM, Garro R, Pallas V, Fayos J, Rodrigo I, Conejero V. Accumulation of gentisic acid as associated with systemic infections but not with the hypersensitive response in plant-pathogen interactions. Planta 223: 500-511 (2006).

Benveniste I, Bronner R, Wang Y, Compagnon V, Michler P, Schreiber L, Salaun JP, Durst F, Pinot F. CYP94A1, a plant cytochrome P450-catalyzing fatty acid omega-hydroxylase, is selectively induced by chemical stress in Vicia sativa seedlings. Planta 221: 881-890 (2005).

Berger S, Benediktyova Z, Matous K, Bonfig K, Mueller MJ, Nedbal L, Roitsch T. Visualization of dynamics of plant-pathogen interaction by novel combination of chlorophyll fluorescence imaging and statistical analysis: differential effects of virulent and avirulent strains of P. syringae and of oxylipins on A. thaliana. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 797-806 (2007).

Bergougnoux V, Hlavackova V, Plotzova R, Novak O, Fellner M. The 7B-1 mutation in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) confers a blue light-specific lower sensitivity to coronatine, a toxin produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 1219-1230 (2009).

Berrocal-Lobo M, Molina A, Solano R. Constitutive expression of ETHYLENE-RESPONSE-FACTOR1 in Arabidopsis confers resistance to several necrotrophic fungi. Plant J. 29: 23-32 (2002).

Blanco F, Garreton V, Frey N, Dominguez C, Perez-Acle T, Van der Straeten D, Jordana X, Holuigue L. Identification of NPR1-dependent and independent genes early induced by salicylic acid treatment in Arabidopsis. Plant Mol. Biol. 59: 927-944 (2005).

Blanco F, Salinas P, Cecchini NM, Jordana X, Van Hummelen P, Alvarez ME, Holuigue L. Early genomic responses to salicylic acid in Arabidopsis. Plant Mol. Biol. 70: 79-102 (2009).

Bohman S, Staal J, Thomma BP, Wang M, Dixelius C. Characterisation of an Arabidopsis-Leptosphaeria maculans pathosystem: resistance partially requires camalexin biosynthesis and is independent of salicylic acid, ethylene and jasmonic acid signalling. Plant J. 37: 9-20 (2004).

Boot K, Van Der Zaal BJ, Velterop J, Quint A, Mennes AM, Hooykaas P, Libbenga KR. Further characterization of expression of auxin-induced genes in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cell-suspension cultures. Plant Physiol. 102: 513-520 (1993).

Borsani O, Valpuesta V, Botella MA. Evidence for a role of salicylic acid in the oxidative damage generated by NaCl and osmotic stress in Arabidopsis seedlings. Plant Physiol. 126: 1024-1030 (2001).

Boursiac Y, Boudet J, Postaire O, Luu DT, Tournaire-Roux C, Maurel C. Stimulus-induced down-regulation of root water transport involves reactive oxygen species-activated cell signalling and plasma membrane intrinsic protein internalization. Plant J. 56: 207-218 (2008).

Brader G, Mikkelsen MD, Halkier BA, Tapio Palva E. Altering glucosinolate profiles modulates disease resistance in plants. Plant J. 46: 758-767 (2006).

Brader G, Tas E, Palva ET. Jasmonate-dependent induction of indole glucosinolates in Arabidopsis by culture filtrates of the nonspecific pathogen Erwinia carotovora. Plant Physiol. 126: 849-860 (2001).

Bravo JM, Campo S, Murillo I, Coca M, San Segundo B. Fungus- and wound-induced accumulation of mRNA containing a class II chitinase of the pathogenesis-related protein 4 (PR-4) family of maize. Plant Mol. Biol. 52: 745-759 (2003).

Brill EM, Abrahams S, Hayes CM, Jenkins CL, Watson JM. Molecular characterisation and expression of a wound-inducible cDNA encoding a novel cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme in lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) Plant Mol. Biol. 41: 279-291 (1999).

Brodersen P, Malinovsky FG, Hematy K, Newman MA, Mundy J. The role of salicylic acid in the induction of cell death in Arabidopsis acd11. Plant Physiol. 138: 1037-1045 (2005).

Brodersen P, Petersen M, Bjorn Nielsen H, Zhu S, Newman MA, Shokat KM, Rietz S, Parker J, Mundy J. Arabidopsis MAP kinase 4 regulates salicylic acid- and jasmonic acid/ethylene-dependent responses via EDS1 and PAD4. Plant J. 47: 532-546 (2006).

Bruinsma M, Pang B, Mumm R, van Loon JJ, Dicke M. Comparing induction at an early and late step in signal transduction mediating indirect defence in Brassica oleracea. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 2589-2599 (2009).

Buchanan-Wollaston V, Page T, Harrison E, Breeze E, Lim PO, Nam HG, Lin JF, Wu SH, Swidzinski J, Ishizaki K, Leaver CJ. Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals significant differences in gene expression and signalling pathways between developmental and dark/starvation-induced senescence in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 42: 567-585 (2005).

Buchel AS, Brederode FT, Bol JF, Linthorst HJ. Mutation of GT-1 binding sites in the Pr-1A promoter influences the level of inducible gene expression in vivo. Plant Mol. Biol. 40: 387-396 (1999).

Buchter R, Stromberg A, Schmelzer E, Kombrink E. Primary structure and expression of acidic (class II) chitinase in potato. Plant Mol. Biol. 35: 749-761 (1997).

Burketova L, Stillerova K, Feltlova M, Sindelarova M. Immunohistological analysis of chemically induced proteins in sugar beet. Biol. Plant. 47: 243-251 (2003).

Busam G, Junghanns KT, Kneusel RE, Kassemeyer HH, Matern U. Characterization and expression of caffeoyl-coenzyme A 3-O-methyltransferase proposed for the induced resistance response of Vitis vinifera L. Plant Physiol. 115: 1039-1048 (1997).

Busam G, Kassemeyer HH, Matern U. Differential expression of chitinases in Vitis vinifera L. responding to systemic acquired resistance activators or fungal challenge. Plant Physiol. 115: 1029-1038 (1997).

Butterbrodt T, Thurow C, Gatz C. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis of the tobacco PR-1a- and the truncated CaMV 35S promoter reveals differences in salicylic acid-dependent TGA factor binding and histone acetylation. Plant Mol. Biol. 61: 665-674 (2006).

Byun YJ, Kim HJ, Lee DH. LongSAGE analysis of the early response to cold stress in Arabidopsis leaf. Planta 229: 1181-1200 (2009).

Calo L, Garcia I, Gotor C, Romero LC. Leaf hairs influence phytopathogenic fungus infection and confer an increased resistance when expressing a Trichoderma {alpha}-1,3-glucanase. J. Exp. Bot. 57: 3911-3920 (2006).

Campbell EJ, Schenk PM, Kazan K, Penninckx IA, Anderson JP, Maclean DJ, Cammue BP, Ebert PR, Manners JM. Pathogen-responsive expression of a putative ATP-binding cassette transporter gene conferring resistance to the diterpenoid sclareol is regulated by multiple defense signaling pathways in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 133: 1272-1284 (2003).

Cao SQ, Xu QT, Cao YJ, Qian K, An K, Zhu Y, Hu BZ, Zhao HF, Kuai BK. Loss-of-function mutations in DET2 gene lead to an enhanced resistance to oxidative stress in Arabidopsis. Physiol. Plant. 123: 57-66 (2005).

Cao Y, Yang Y, Zhang H, Li D, Zheng Z, Song F. Overexpression of a rice defense-related F-box protein gene OsDRF1 in tobacco improves disease resistance through potentiation of defense gene expression. Physiol. Plant. 134: 440-452 (2008).

Celenza JL. Metabolism of tyrosine and tryptophan - new genes for old pathways. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 4: 234-240 (2001).

Chakrabarti M, Bowen SW, Coleman NP, Meekins KM, Dewey RE, Siminszky B. CYP82E4-mediated nicotine to nornicotine conversion in tobacco is regulated by a senescence-specific signaling pathway. Plant Mol. Biol. 66: 415-427 (2008).

Chanda B, Venugopal SC, Kulshrestha S, Navarre DA, Downie B, Vaillancourt L, Kachroo A, Kachroo P. Glycerol-3-phosphate levels are associated with basal resistance to the hemibiotrophic fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 147: 2017-2029 (2008).

Chandra-Shekara AC, Gupte M, Navarre D, Raina S, Raina R, Klessig D, Kachroo P. Light-dependent hypersensitive response and resistance signaling against Turnip Crinkle Virus in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 45: 320-334 (2006).

Chandra-Shekara AC, Navarre D, Kachroo A, Kang HG, Klessig D, Kachroo P. Signaling requirements and role of salicylic acid in HRT- and rrt-mediated resistance to turnip crinkle virus in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 40: 647-659 (2004).

Chandran D, Tai YC, Hather G, Dewdney J, Denoux C, Burgess DG, Ausubel FM, Speed TP, Wildermuth MC. Temporal global expression data reveal known and novel salicylate-impacted processes and regulators mediating powdery mildew growth and reproduction on Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 149: 1435-1451 (2009).

Chang CC, Slesak I, Jorda L, Sotnikov A, Melzer M, Miszalski Z, Mullineaux PM, Parker JE, Karpinska B, Karpinski S. Arabidopsis chloroplastic glutathione peroxidases play a role in cross talk between photooxidative stress and immune responses. Plant Physiol. 150: 670-83 (2009).

Chao WS, Gu YQ, Pautot V, Bray EA, Walling LL. Leucine aminopeptidase RNAs, proteins, and activities increase in response to water deficit, salinity, and the wound signals systemin, methyl jasmonate, and abscisic acid. Plant Physiol. 120: 979-992 (1999).

Chassot C, Buchala A, Schoonbeek HJ, Metraux JP, Lamotte O. Wounding of Arabidopsis leaves causes a powerful but transient protection against Botrytis infection. Plant J. 55: 555-567 (2008).

Chassot C, Nawrath C, Métraux JP. Cuticular defects lead to full immunity to a major plant pathogen. Plant J. 49: 972-980 (2007).

Chaturvedi R, Krothapalli K, Makandar R, Nandi A, Sparks AA, Roth MR, Welti R, Shah J. Plastid omega3-fatty acid desaturase-dependent accumulation of a systemic acquired resistance inducing activity in petiole exudates of Arabidopsis thaliana is independent of jasmonic acid. Plant J. 54: 106-117 (2008).

Chen C, Chen Z. Potentiation of developmentally regulated plant defense response by AtWRKY18, a pathogen-induced Arabidopsis transcription factor. Plant Physiol. 129: 706-716 (2002).

Chen C, Chen Z. Isolation and characterization of two pathogen- and salicylic acid-induced genes encoding WRKY DNA-binding proteins from tobacco. Plant Mol. Biol. 42: 387-396 (2000).

Chen F, D'Auria JC, Tholl D, Ross JR, Gershenzon J, Noel JP, Pichersky E. An Arabidopsis thaliana gene for methylsalicylate biosynthesis, identified by a biochemical genomics approach, has a role in defense. Plant J. 36: 577-588 (2003).

Chen K, Du L, Chen Z. Sensitization of defense responses and activation of programmed cell death by a pathogen-induced receptor-like protein kinase in Arabidopsis. Plant Mol. Biol. 53: 61-74 (2003).

Chen W, Provart NJ, Glazebrook J, Katagiri F, Chang HS, Eulgem T, Mauch F, Luan S, Zou G, Whitham SA, Budworth PR, Tao Y, Xie Z, Chen X, Lam S, Kreps JA, Harper JF, Si-Ammour A, Mauch-Mani B, Heinlein M, Kobayashi K, Hohn T, Dangl JL, Wang X, Zhu T. Expression profile matrix of Arabidopsis transcription factor genes suggests their putative functions in response to environmental stresses. Plant Cell 14: 559-574 (2002).

Chen YC, Tseng BW, Huang YL, Liu YC, Jeng ST. Expression of the ipomoelin gene from sweet potato is regulated by dephosphorylated proteins, calcium ion and ethylene. Plant Cell Environ. 26: 1373-1383 (2003).

Chen Z, Kloek AP, Cuzick A, Moeder W, Tang D, Innes RW, Klessig DF, McDowell JM, Kunkel BN. The Pseudomonas syringae type III effector AvrRpt2 functions downstream or independently of SA to promote virulence on Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 37: 494-504 (2004).

Chen Z, Silva H, Klessig DF. Active oxygen species in the induction of plant systemic acquired resistance by salicylic acid. Science 262: 1883-1886 (1993).

Chen ZX, Iyer S, Caplan A, Klessig DF, Fan BF. Differential accumulation of salicylic acid and salicylic acid- sensitive catalase in different rice tissues. Plant Physiol. 114: 193-201 (1997).

Chini A, Grant JJ, Seki M, Shinozaki K, Loake GJ. Drought tolerance established by enhanced expression of the CC-NBS-LRR gene, ADR1, requires salicylic acid, EDS1 and ABI1. Plant J. 38: 810-822 (2004).

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Choi HW, Lee BG, Kim NH, Park Y, Lim CW, Song HK, Hwang BK. A role for a menthone reductase in resistance against microbial pathogens in plants. Plant Physiol. 148: 383-401 (2008).

Chong J, Baltz R, Schmitt C, Beffa R, Fritig B, Saindrenan P. Downregulation of a pathogen-responsive tobacco UDP-Glc:phenylpropanoid glucosyltransferase reduces scopoletin glucoside accumulation, enhances oxidative stress, and weakens virus resistance. Plant Cell 14: 1093-1107 (2002).

Chong J, Pierrel MA, Atanassova R, Werck-Reichhart D, Fritig B, Saindrenan P. Free and conjugated benzoic acid in tobacco plants and cell cultures. Induced accumulation upon elicitation of defense responses and role as salicylic acid precursors. Plant Physiol. 125: 318-328 (2001).

Chung E, Park JM, Oh SK, Joung YH, Lee S, Choi D. Molecular and biochemical characterization of the Capsicum annuum calcium-dependent protein kinase 3 (CaCDPK3) gene induced by abiotic and biotic stresses. Planta 220: 286-295 (2004).

Chung IM, Hong SB, Peebles CA, Kim JA, San KY. Effect of the engineered indole pathway on accumulation of phenolic compounds in Catharanthus roseus hairy roots. Biotechnol. Prog. 23: 327-332 (2007).

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Clarke SM, Mur LA, Wood JE, Scott IM. Salicylic acid dependent signaling promotes basal thermotolerance but is not essential for acquired thermotolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 38: 432-447 (2004).

Coego A, Ramirez V, Gil MJ, Flors V, Mauch-Mani B, Vera P. An Arabidopsis homeodomain transcription factor, OVEREXPRESSOR OF CATIONIC PEROXIDASE 3, mediates resistance to infection by necrotrophic pathogens. Plant Cell 17: 2123-2137 (2005).

Coleman HD, Canam T, Kang KY, Ellis DD, Mansfield SD. Over-expression of UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in hybrid poplar affects carbon allocation. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 4257-4268 (2007).

Colville L, Smirnoff N. Antioxidant status, peroxidase activity, and PR protein transcript levels in ascorbate-deficient Arabidopsis thaliana vtc mutants. J. Exp. Bot. 59: 3857-3868 (2008).

Conklin PL, Barth C. Ascorbic acid, a familiar small molecule intertwined in the response of plants to ozone, pathogens, and the onset of senescence. Plant Cell Environ. 27: 959-970 (2004).

Coquoz JL, Buchala A, Metraux JP. The biosynthesis of salicylic acid in potato plants. Plant Physiol. 117: 1095-1101 (1998).

Corbesier L, Coupland G. Photoperiodic flowering of Arabidopsis: integrating genetic and physiological approaches to characterization of the floral stimulus. Plant Cell Environ. 28: 54-66 (2005).

Corina Vlot A, Liu PP, Cameron RK, Park SW, Yang Y, Kumar D, Zhou F, Padukkavidana T, Gustafsson C, Pichersky E, Klessig DF. Identification of likely orthologs of tobacco salicylic acid-binding protein 2 and their role in systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 56: 445-456 (2008).

Costet L, Dorey S, Fritig B, Kauffmann S. A pharmacological approach to test the diffusible signal activity of reactive oxygen intermediates in elicitor-treated tobacco leaves. Plant Cell Physiol. 43: 91-98 (2002).

Cui J, Jander G, Racki LR, Kim PD, Pierce NE, Ausubel FM. Signals involved in Arabidopsis resistance to Trichoplusia ni caterpillars induced by virulent and avirulent strains of the phytopathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Plant Physiol. 129: 551-564 (2002).

Custers JH, Harrison SJ, Sela-Buurlage MB, van Deventer E, Lageweg W, Howe PW, van der Meijs PJ, Ponstein AS, Simons BH, Melchers LS, Stuiver MH. Isolation and characterisation of a class of carbohydrate oxidases from higher plants, with a role in active defence. Plant J. 39: 147-160 (2004).

D'Ovidio R, Raiola A, Capodicasa C, Devoto A, Pontiggia D, Roberti S, Galletti R, Conti E, O'Sullivan D, De Lorenzo G. Characterization of the complex locus of bean encoding polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins reveals subfunctionalization for defense against fungi and insects. Plant Physiol. 135: 2424-2435 (2004).

Dai Z, An G. Induction of nopaline synthase promoter activity by H2O2 has no direct correlation with salicylic acid. Plant Physiol. 109: 1191-1197 (1995).

Danon A, Miersch O, Felix G, Camp RG, Apel K. Concurrent activation of cell death-regulating signaling pathways by singlet oxygen in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 41: 68-80 (2005).

Dat JF, Foyer CH, Scott IM. Changes in salicylic acid and antioxidants during induced thermotolerance in mustard seedlings. Plant Physiol. 118: 1455-1461 (1998).

De Meyer G, Capieau K, Audenaert K, Buchaia A, Metraux JP, Hofte M. Nanogram amounts of salicylic acid produced by the rhizobacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7NSK2 activate the systemic acquired resistance pathway in bean. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 12: 450-458 (1999).

de Torres Zabala M, Bennett MH, Truman WH, Grant MR. Antagonism between salicylic and abscisic acid reflects early host-pathogen conflict and moulds plant defence responses. Plant J. 59: 375-386 (2009).

De Vleesschauwer D, Bakker PA, Djavaheri M, Hofte M. Pseudomonas fluorescens WCS374r-induced systemic resistance in rice against Magnaporthe oryzae is based on pseudobactin-mediated priming for a salicylic acid-repressible multifaceted defense response. Plant Physiol. 148: 1996-2012 (2008).

De Vos M, Van Zaanen W, Koornneef A, Korzelius JP, Dicke M, Van Loon LC, Pieterse CM. Herbivore-induced resistance against microbial pathogens in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 142: 352-363 (2006).

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