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N Use By Plants
Nitrate Assimilation
Ammonia Assimilation
Glu, Gln, Asn, Gly, Ser
Asp, Ala, GABA
Val, Leu, Ileu, Thr, Lys
Pro, Arg, Orn
Non-protein AAs
Sulfate Assimilation
Cys, Met, AdoMet, ACC
His, Phe, Tyr, Tryp
Secondary Products
Onium Compounds
HORT640 - Metabolic Plant Physiology

References, tyrosine decarboxylase

Alexander FW, Sandmeier E, Mehta PK, Christen P. Evolutionary relationships among pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes. Regio-specific alpha, beta and gamma families. Eur. J. Biochem. 219: 953-960 (1994).

Camas A, Cardenas L, Quinto C, Lara M. Expression of different calmodulin genes in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.): Role of nod factor on calmodulin gene regulation. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 15: 428-436 (2002).

De Luca V. Chapter 9. Metabolic Engineering of Crops with the Tryptophan Decarboxylase of Catharanthus roseus. In "Metabolic Engineering of Plant Secondary Metabolism" (Verpoorte R, Alfermann AW, eds), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dortrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 179-194 (2000).

Dubouzet JG, Ishihara A, Matsuda F, Miyagawa H, Iwata H, Wakasa K. Integrated metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses of high-tryptophan rice expressing a mutant anthranilate synthase alpha subunit. J. Exp. Bot. 58: 3309-3321 (2007).

Facchini PJ, De Luca V. Expression in Escherichia coli and partial characterization of two tyrosine/dopa decarboxylases from opium poppy. Phytochemistry 38: 1119-1126 (1995).

Facchini PJ, De Luca V. Differential and tissue-specific expression of a gene family for tyrosine/dopa decarboxylase in opium poppy. J. Biol. Chem. 269: 26684-26690 (1994).

Facchini PJ, De Luca V. Phloem-specific expression of tyrosine/dopa decarboxylase genes and the biosynthesis of isoquinoline alkaloids in opium poppy. Plant Cell 7: 1811-1821 (1995).

Facchini PJ, Huber-Allanach KL, Tari LW. Plant aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylases: evolution, biochemistry, regulation, and metabolic engineering applications. Phytochemistry 54: 121-138 (2000).

Facchini PJ, Johnson AG, Poupart J, de Luca V. Uncoupled defense gene expression and antimicrobial alkaloid accumulation in elicited opium poppy cell cultures. Plant Physiol. 111: 687-697 (1996).

Facchini PJ, Penzes-Yost C, Samanani N, Kowalchuk B. Expression patterns conferred by tyrosine/dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase promoters from opium poppy are conserved in transgenic tobacco. Plant Physiol. 118: 69-81 (1998).

Facchini PJ, Yu M, Penzes-Yost C. Decreased cell wall digestibility in canola transformed with chimeric tyrosine decarboxylase genes from opium poppy. Plant Physiol. 120: 653-664 (1999).

Guillet G, De Luca V. Wound-inducible biosynthesis of phytoalexin hydroxycinnamic acid amides of tyramine in tryptophan and tyrosine decarboxylase transgenic tobacco lines. Plant Physiol. 137: 692-699 (2005).

Guillet G, Poupart J, Basurco J, De Luca V. Expression of tryptophan decarboxylase and tyrosine decarboxylase genes in tobacco results in altered biochemical and physiological phenotypes. Plant Physiol. 122: 933-944 (2000).

Hagel JM, Facchini PJ. Elevated tyrosine decarboxylase and tyramine hydroxycinnamoyltransferase levels increase wound-induced tyramine-derived hydroxycinnamic acid amide accumulation in transgenic tobacco leaves. Planta 221: 904-914 (2005).

Iraqui I, Vissers S, Andre B, Urrestarazu A. Transcriptional induction by aromatic amino acids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol. Cell Biol. 19: 3360-3371 (1999).

Isupov MN, Antson AA, Dodson EJ, Dodson GG, Dementieva IS, Zakomirdina LN, Wilson KS, Dauter Z, Lebedev AA, Harutyunyan EH. Crystal structure of tryptophanase. J. Mol. Biol. 276: 603-623 (1998).

Kaminaga Y, Schnepp J, Peel G, Kish CM, Ben-Nissan G, Weiss D, Orlova I, Lavie O, Rhodes D, Wood K, Porterfield DM, Cooper AJ, Schloss JV, Pichersky E, Vainstein A, Dudareva N. Plant phenylacetaldehyde synthase is a bifunctional homotetrameric enzyme that catalyzes phenylalanine decarboxylation and oxidation. J. Biol. Chem. 281: 23357-23366 (2006).

Kawalleck P, Keller H, Hahlbrock K, Scheel D, Somssich IE. A pathogen-responsive gene of parsley encodes tyrosine decarboxylase. J. Biol. Chem. 268: 2189-2194 (1993).

Maldonado-Mendoza IE, Lopez-Meyer M, Galef JR, Burnett RJ, Nessler CL. Molecular analysis of a new member of the opium poppy tyrosine/3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase gene family. Plant Physiol. 110: 43-49 (1996).

Mehta PK, Christen P. Homology of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase, 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase, 2-amino-6-caprolactam racemase, 2,2-dialkylglycine decarboxylase, glutamate-1-semialdehyde 2,1-aminomutase ... with aminotransferases. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 198: 138-143 (1994).

Newman MA, von Roepenack-Lahaye E, Parr A, Daniels MJ, Dow JM. Induction of hydroxycinnamoyl-tyramine conjugates in pepper by Xanthomonas campestris, a plant defense response activated by hrp gene-dependent and hrp gene-independent mechanisms. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 14: 785-792 (2001).

Park SU, Johnson AG, Penzes-Yost C, Facchini PJ. Analysis of promoters from tyrosine/dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase and berberine bridge enzyme genes involved in benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in opium poppy. Plant Mol. Biol. 40: 121-131 (1999).

Qu K, Martin DL, Lawrence CE. Motifs and structural fold of the cofactor binding site of human glutamate decarboxylase. Protein Sci. 7: 1092-1105 (1998).

Rhodes D, Peel GJ, Dudareva N. Metabolism, secondary: engineering pathways of. In (RM Goodman, ed) Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science, Marcell Dekker, N.Y., pp. 720-723 (2004).

Rosenthal GA. A mechanism of L-canaline toxicity. Eur. J. Biochem. 114: 301-304 (1981).

Sandmeier E, Hale TI, Christen P. Multiple evolutionary origin of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent amino acid decarboxylases. Eur. J. Biochem. 221: 997-1002 (1994).

Number of references = 26

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Last Update: 10/01/09